E-capture (Gerhard Hunf)

The following post has been submitted by Gerhard Hunf

“E-capture”

In “ http://www.e-catworld.com/2016/11/15/high-current-densities-environmental-conditions-for-cold-fusion-gerhard-hunf/ “ was shown, the current flow at the contact point (conductor / superconductor) is almost completely changed from the conductor to the superconductor. For this, the velocity of the electrons must change in the ratio of the cross sections mm2 / nm2 (conductor / superconductor). The branching point (conductor / superconductor) thus acts as a particle accelerator for electrons. The electron becomes heavier.

The “e-capture reaction” can be formulated as follows
(p + + e) + E1 = n + v.

E1 can be calculated from the mass difference Δm = m (neutron) – m (p + + e). The mass difference is 1.39 x 10exp-30 kg. Substituting this into E mc2 gives E1 = 1.249x10exp-13J or 0.78MeV.

This work W = U I t. must be supplied by the system. In order to check whether a current density (J) of 10exp11 A / m2 is sufficient, we use for the superconducting layer
W = U I t = U x (J x F) x s / v => J = W x v / U x F x s

W = 1.249×10-exp-13J; v = 10exp2 m / sec; U = 12V (battery); F = 10exp-12 m2; s = 10exp-10 m. ! Attention: 1Volt is also 1J/C, 1Ampere is also 1C/sec!

From this follows current density (J) is about 10exp11 A / m2

This means current density for the “e-capture” is the same achieved in the superconducting layer.

Gerhard Hunf

  • Alan DeAngelis

    I thought you might find this interesting Gerhard. A few weeks after the F&P announcement Larry A Hull (in a letter to Chemical and Engineering News, May 15, 1989, page 3) proposed the mechanism of a deuteron capturing an electron to become nn, “dineutronium”.

    http://disq.us/p/v91dbc

    • hunfgerh

      The question here and there,

      From where comes Δm. And how can it transformed into practice
      under the conditions of P @ F. This question is to answer.

      • Alan DeAngelis

        Yes, I agree and it does not explain deuterium gas with palladium systems like Les Chase’s “football” (36:36 min.) that produced helium (mass spectrum at 37:05).

        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=htgV7fNO-2k

    • Da Phys

      Here is the DOI:
      10.1021/cen-v067n020.p002
      The letter is available on sci-hub. Nice read. Shows how people reacted a few weeks after F&P announcement.

  • Andreas Moraitis

    Don’t we have to assume Cooper-pairs here instead of ‘classical’ conduction electrons? If so, which consequences would you see both with regard to the energy aspect and the supposed mechanism of electron capture?

    • hunfgerh

      Yes and no.
      The quantum-mechanical calculation of the current density to the one performed
      here will less differ. However, the current density is only a measure for the
      number of charge carriers.

      But the mechanism of “e-capture” can only be carried out if the cooper-pair
      (spin 0) decouples after a certain coherent length 10exp-6m -10exp-10m into two
      uncoupeld electrons with the (spin ½) in the same direction. “Superconducting
      is a periodic decoupl/ coupel process.” For this reason, the same number of unpaired electrons are present in a superconductor in addition to the cooper pairs. Only by this can the s-electronbe pushed into the core by repulsion of similar charges.