Looking For Heat Publishes Proposed Protocol for Nickel-Hydrogen LENR

A new article written by Alan Smith and Hank Mills has been published on the Looking for Heat website titled “Ultrasonic Fuel Treatment As A Gateway To Nickel/Hydrogen LENR”. It has been posted as a “discussion document,” and describes an experimental protocol that Alan and Hank hypothesize could provide a means of achieving significant excess heat from LENR reactions.

The full article can be accessed here: http://www.lookingforheat.com/ultrasonic-fuel-treatment-gateway-nickelhydrogen-lenr/

The article focuses on what the authors consider could be critical features of successful Ni-H LENRs; namely the preparation of the nickel. They believe it is of great importance to “enhance the catalytic properties and hydrogen interaction potential of nickel,” and propose meticulous cleaning of the nickel for optimum performance by using ultrasound (to remove oxide layers from nickel powder) and heated vacuum degassing.

The document also includes a detailed experimental protocol which provides recommended procedures and equipment. One thing that is not included is a report of an experiment following the protocols suggested by Alan and Hank because they are still in the process of getting the equipment and materials together to carry out the proposed method.

They say that the next thing coming will be: “Part 2, Experiments Performed Using Sonicated Nickel,” and I look forward finding out what results are achieved using the proposed method.

  • Zephir

    /* Looking For Heat Publishes Proposed Protocol for Nickel-Hydrogen LENR */

    Looking For Heat never succeed with nuclear reaction, all its protocols therefore may be misleading. It just spreads the guidelines helping in sales of its kits – no less no more.

    • Alan Smith

      Thank you for your thoughts.

    • Alan Smith

      Hi Zephir. If you read the very extensive literature on the topic, you will discover that both ultrasonics and acid cleaning of nickel (and other metals) increase the absorption and adsorption of hydrogen. The reason being that completely oxide free surfaces reduce H2 to H+H more readily than ‘dirty’ ones. One of the steps in the hydrogen uptake process may be the formation of ‘transient’ hydrides, which actually penetrate the metal, propagating crack defects as they do so. This process of defect creation is thought to be due to both physical swelling caused by the hydrides, and charge differences between materials.The hydrogen makes its own defect sites.

      A macroscopic example of a (distantly) related phenomenon may be seen on a modern hardpoint handsaw exposed to damp conditions for a while. Tiny snail-tracks of corrosion (rust) may be seen forming under the lacquer coating on the bright steel surface, twisting and curling over the surface. These are caused by oxygen attack initially via pinholes in the lacquer, and propagating along the line of least resistance propelled by charge differences between oxidised and unoxidised surfaces, and always looking for the ‘line of least resistance.’

      There is another potential bonus of sonication in alkanes, the possible deposition of graphene ‘scraps’ onto the surface of the metal and the liberation of ‘in situ’ hydrogen at the nickel/alkane interface caused by cavitation-promoted breakdown of the hydrocarbons. This has been remarked on in the literature, and is thought to act as a powerful H2 dissociation co-catalyst

      As for your suggestion that our discussion paper is part of a marketing push to sell LENR kits, you could not be more wrong. We set up http://www.lookingforheat.com to provide services to active LENR experimenters. Some things are hard/impossible to get, especially in small amounts, so we sought and found them, and offer them at affordable prices. Not as a money-making venture. Don’t make the mistake of confusing us with a business!

      We have donated in cash, in kind and as man hours more to other researchers than we have ever made from sales. If it was money we were after we would probably sell umbrellas or snow-shoes. Or indeed anything made by someone else. Very little work involved in doing that, and it requires no (very expensive) research lab and development back-up. However, criticism is good, it keeps us on our toes, as my Ma used to say, ‘if you’re complaining at least you are still alive’.

      • Zephir

        Nobody doubts your effort in popularization of cold fusion and help the LENR community, but once you spread the recommendations of “protocol for successful experiments”, everyone should keep on mind, that these recommendations aren’t based on actual success with cold fusion experiments. The history of physics knows many examples, when the dirty & rusty devices actually helped the finding of anomalous effects. Here you can find whole methodology for it https://www.reddit.com/r/Physics/comments/28h5z1/big_g_scientists_pin_down_elusive_gravitational/cibah7z

  • Axil Axil


    Li-6 is used in thermonuclear weapons and the export and use of Li-6 is therefore strictly controlled. Rossi’s patent requires the use of lithium as fuel with the conversion of Lithium 7 to Lithium 6. The Nuclear Retaliatory Commission(NRC) will place any device that uses lithium as fuel where lithium 6 isotopic ratio is enhanced over nature levels is in violation of NRC regulations and will be restricted as a thermonuclear weapons proliferation risk. The NRC will not permit a commercial product that produces nearly pure Lithium 6 to be freely available for use in the marketplace were Lithium 6 can be extracted from it.

    LENR developers must stay away from any LENR reaction that uses lithium as a fuel.



    Appendix N to Part 110—Illustrative List of Lithium Isotope Separation Facilities, Plants and Equipment Under NRC’s Export Licensing Authority

    a. Facilities or plants for the separation of lithium isotopes.

    b. Equipment for the separation of lithium isotopes, such as:

    (1) Packed liquid-liquid exchange columns especially designed for lithium amalgams;

    (2) Mercury and/or lithium amalgam pumps;

    (3) Lithium amalgam electrolysis cells;

    (4) Evaporators for concentrated lithium hydroxide solution.

    c. Any other components especially designed or prepared for use in a reprocessing plant or in any of the components described in this appendix.

    [65 FR 70292, Nov. 22, 2000; 79 FR 39299, Jul. 10, 2014]

  • Bernie Koppenhofer

    Alan Smith and Hank Mills: good article, thanks. Please update the article as critiques and new facts are learned.

    • Alan Smith

      Thank you Bernie. Updates will be provided – right now this is a discussion paper but work prepping the equipment already on site is underway now. You know LFH’s motto ‘we love to share the knowledge’ And we do.

      • Bernie Koppenhofer

        Great Motto!!!

  • sam
  • Warthog

    As a chemist, I would say that the ultrasonication step is “a good start”. But THE accepted method of removing the oxide layer in such systems is repeated heating and evacuation under hydrogen. Read up on how G. Miley prepares his zirconia/Pd particles. Apparently you have access to some sort of vacuum apparatus. It would be good to describe that in detail, and tell how vapors are kept from reaching the Ni under treatment.

    • Gerard McEk

      Yes, although I am not a chemist, I thought that was the way to do this. At the same time the loading of the nickel can be done in the same vessel where the oxide layer is removed. That seems much easier. I was wondering why this very laborious method was chosen. Didn’t it work?

    • Alan Smith

      We will describe all the stuff- and film it as it goes. Right now the Packard H2 generator is due to arrive tomorrow, and the 2-stage vac pump by Friday.
      The reasons for US (ultrasound) treatment of Ni in Hexane after baking it in air have been gleaned from well over one hundred hours of research – mostly by Hank – and the protocol decided jointly. Put simply, baking in air oxidises the Ni surface and changes its morphology. Stripping the oxides off by US in hexane also breaks down the Hexane (by cavitation collapse), which deposits a graphene/carbon coat on the Ni. This coat is believed to promote H2 dissociation and also diffusion into the Ni lattice. The dissociated Hexane also usefully provides extra hydrogen right there in the US bath.

      Further Hydrogenation and Vacuum treatment come next, as described in the document. This is pretty standard stuff. Going to be an interesting bit of cookery. MFMP have got some coming their way, so there will be more than one test on the finished product.

      • Warthog

        Well, I personally would NOT use a hydrogen generator as a hydrogen source, unless it is equipped with a palladium separator as the final stage. Otherwise you WILL have impurities in the hydrogen itself.

        Likewise for the tubing hookups. ANY plastic tubing will permeate impurities from the air. It appears to me that you are leaving many avenues for the ingress of impurities. If you know of the license plate “SH*T HAPPENS”, the comparable one in trace analysis is “PERMEATION HAPPENS”.

        I also fail to understand why you want to make MORE NiO when the object is to get rid of it.

        • Alan Smith

          My Dear Warthog. The Packard H2 generator produces hydrogen of 99.999% purity. As for the pre-oxidation process, if you read the literature you would understand why.. I have further suggestions for the best ways to use plastic tubing, but they are rather impure..

          • http://www.accuiti.com Bob Higgins

            Most modern H2 generators (including Packard) use a nafion PEM instead of a Pd film. Nafion is a proton conductor, but also conducts H2O. That is why the gas goes through a desiccant cartridge before being delivered. If you get your unit used, you should be sure to have a good/new desiccant cartridge or you will have water vapor with your H2. Also, I believe the nafion will conduct D, whereas, D will diffuse slower through a Pd PEM than H, tending to reduce the concentration of D.

            • Alan Smith

              Understood Bob. I actually have a gas-drier hooked up in the lab already- having previously used ‘wet’ catalytic hydrogen. But I will watch out for that point, thank you. As for the deuterium, I will probably have to suffer it!

            • Warthog

              I have done MANY projects using Nafion, and am VERY familiar with it’s properties. It’s backbone is basically Teflon, and it does nothing at all to retard non-ionic contaminants. They permeate quite nicely through the fluorocarbon portion of the polymer. Nafion is good for removing water, and that is about it. Ultimate purity needs palladium. I come from the trace analysis world, where “99.999% purity” means “dirty as hell”. And that means tank hydrogen run through a purification train OR a hydrogen generator terminated by a palladium filter, and plumbed with metal tubing from that point into (usually/mostly) the gas chromatograph.

  • http://www.lenr-forum.com/forum/ barty

    Did you get some interesting results?

  • Guest

    Does Rubiitpower India also perform their own research?

    • suhas R

      yes We do our self-funded research using hybrid ultrasonic technologies

  • Zephir

    /* They BELIEVE it is of great importance to “enhance the catalytic properties and hydrogen interaction potential of nickel */

    Nice try but useless effort: they didn’t test it with success and the diluted hydrogen corona discharge in Quark-X/me356 style can both prepare/erode the nickel surface, both to reduce the surface oxides, both saturate the surface of nickel with hydrogen fast.

  • Axil Axil

    The basic objective is to eventually produce metalize hydrogen at the end of all the experimental setup.

  • Bob Greenyer

    Interesting contribution.

    As I said a long time ago, at ICCF18, when I visited the SKINR labs, I asked what the “SuperWave” was used for and they said to “Clean the electrodes” – it was multi-frequency ultrasonics