Anisotropic Magnets Produce the LENR Reaction (Axil Axil)

The following post has been submitted by Axil Axil

The posit of this post is that anisotropic magnets produce the LENR reaction because the unbalanced field lines being a monopole field produces magnetic field lines that tend to be twisted thus producing excitation in the nucleons via CP symmetry breaking. Having been excited, the proton and neutron will decay under the influence of the weak force.

These monopole field lines allow the magnetic field lines to be twisted thus producing excitation in the nucleons. Magnetic dipole fields do not make twisting field lines easy. Dipole magnetic field lines are continuous and unbroken, forming closed loops. Magnetic field lines are defined to begin on the north pole of a magnet and terminate on the south pole. Dipole magnetic field lines don’t have any open ends to twist but monopole flux lines can twist and rotate.

As a set up for this post here is info About Neodymium Magnets(NIB)

Overview of the operating properties of Neodymium magnets.

Neodymium magnets (also known as rare earth, Neo, NIB or NdFeB magnets) were invented in 1982 and are the strongest type of magnets.

There are two basic ways that NIB magnets are made: sintered and bonded.

Sintered NIB magnets have the highest strength but are limited to relatively simple geometries and can be brittle. They are made by pressure forming the raw materials into blocks, which then go through a complex heating process. The block is then cut to shape and coated to prevent corrosion. Sintered magnets are typically anisotropic, which means they have a preference for the direction of their magnetic field. Rare earths align the spin of the magnetic metal in a preferred direction or “grain” Magnetizing a magnet against the “grain” will reduce the strength of the magnet by up to 50%. So commercially available magnets are always magnetized in the preferred direction of magnetization.

Bonded NIB magnets are typically about half as strong as sintered magnets but are less expensive and can be made into almost any size and shape. Raw materials are mixed with epoxy as a binder, pressed into a die cavity and heat cured. Bonded magnets are isotropic, which means they don’t have a “grain” or a natural preference for the direction of their magnetic field.

For example, Dennis Cravens Golden balls

“To assure a strong magnetic field in the active material the spheres contain a ground samarium cobalt (Sm2Co7) magnet, which stays magnetized at higher temperatures. This was powdered and the powder is mostly random but it should provide a strong magnetic field within the sample. “The Sm2Co7 magnet produces the required anisotropic magnetic field lines(monopole like magnetic field).

Deuterium is used as the gas envelope

Here is a visualization that demonstrates that rare earth magnets produce vortex twisting of their magnetic field lines whereas dipole magnets do not produce magnetic vortex spinning field lines.

  • Axil Axil

    The reason to bring up the characteristics of magnets is not to engineer a LENR system based on magnets, but to reduce the variables in the LENR theory to the bare minimum as exemplified by the Cravens ball reactor which uses only a magnet, charcoal and deuterium. With all the theoretical underbrush removed, it seems to be possible to penetrate the LENR reaction to its core…that core being magnetic effects on the nucleus of the atom.

    The reaction in the golden ball does not require high deuterium loading into palladium, the production of cracks on the surface of metal, fuel preprocessing, shock, pressure change, EMF stimulation and the other dozens of reaction complications that confuse the LENR reaction issue. There is a simple reductionist experimental process that can allow for an amateur scientist to penetrate deeply into the mysteries of LENR with simple equipment and the proper use of reductionist logic.

    The Cravens golden ball has fascinated me as a theoretical outlier but as the simplest LENR reactor, and the most fundamental.

    With the underpinning of the Cravens golden ball theory in hand; all other LENR theory can be analyzed under its revelations.

    • Zephir

      /* Cravens ball reactor which uses only a magnet, charcoal and deuterium*/

      It uses both nickel, both- palladium loaded with hydrogen (in similar way, like for example Patterson did) – in this sense it’s more complex system, than Piantelli/Cellani reactors. It seems for me, the palladium is actually inert – the LENR always runs at foreign atoms of it. The palladium is just important with respect to its ability to suck hydrogen like the sponge and to achieve high concentration of it. But the actual LENR runs at another atoms which would explain poor reproducibility of LENR in Fleischman – Pons experiments.

      Albert Einstein: “Everything Should Be Made as Simple as Possible, But Not Simpler”

      • Axil Axil

        Yes, the mechanism of the golden balls is more complicated than I first though. The row added items in the chemical hydrogen storage and the noble metal nanopowder.

        But I don’t beleive that these two items are producing another LENR mechanism. The nanoparticles are two small to produce loading loading and the LaNi5 is not pumped enough to generate metalize hydrogen.

        • Oaklandthinktank

          Research has already cut to the core of LANR, but suffers from the peripheral variables; not unaccounted for, but constrained by budget, availability, material purity and recipe… Without an exclusion of variance, Bayes beats all tentative measures of change; in particular, Consistency of substrate is key… And, reactions which have high transmutation at low or no power avoid many of those confounding variables and confusing causalities… So, to attempt axil ‘s provision of most basic devices to test:

          Perhaps an indicative case: layered calcium and palladium in the Toyota transmutations? Similarly, graphenes (I am SO excited by wrinkled graphenes and black phosphorus, I might just decay in femtoseconds!) and MWNTs have very specific grain, surface, and boundary behaviors… If you wanted surface spin from a “beat modulated” hiccup, and completely one-dimensional diffusion vectors, they sound like the ideal paradigm. Also, various abundant micro-structures would be natural substrates for these surface vibrations, and their cymatic alignment? (Diatoms, fungal spore, pyrolyzed blood vessels?) if transmutation occurs with molecular architecture, easier to rapidly test many geometries, specify operational frequencies… Also, ‘basic’ test may require near-absolute uniformity of surface structures, to guarantee that the affects are from that specific lattice structure…. Both are good reasons to consider natural microstructure a, with surface treatments. 🙂 spore have perfect cymatics, already…

          Ignition basics?
          I suppose, with the proper (and fiercely governed!) ionization gradient, a chittering hiccup would propagate a diffused “hagelstein photo-phono” pinch, especially when most vectors are aligned with narrow variance (nod to zephyr, though my need for ballistic alignment comes from long-tail banding patterns of infinite series, which moire are better-equipt to deduce, geometrically…). Ion grad sets lattice tune, heterodyned hiccup ignites “phono-maser”, or low-dissonant tuning as brake-pedal… might, with well-made Celani filaments, see these distinct states (natural tune, hiccup freq bunching, dissonant brake) occur at varying frequencies, as per nanotube diameter, resultant stable interior banding (nanotubes are like knobby flutes for hydrogen-electrostatics – harmonize?).

          Armchair MWNTs, and doped, enfolded variations of like, would be ideal for a Chiral Preferrence of local spin wave propagation… If the hiccup can swirl up a nanotube like a barbershop ribbon, and pitch at a tapering doped tip, you may avoid the messy degradation issues – by firing your weird lovecraftian mesmerism AT a target material! A pinhead of palladium pumping ions through a char needle, that has only pressure of hydrogen as input energy, yet transmutes a target at the needle-tip, would be my pick as rutherfordly ‘basic’ experiment… And, strategically, the most important genie-bottle.

          Simplest test?
          The deuterium gas pressure and calcium are first step, craven’s, little’s, too, toward the kind of “soft fusion” seen in vysotskii… Substrate architecture supports grad, chirality if possible, and doped lattice is tuned to reaction spectra. If a pile of dust in pressurized gas turns into new elements, that’s best basic proof, AND likely the key utility of fusion research. …pack a carboy with diatoms coated in nickel via syngas, let it digest a lithium titration, then “cook” it with THz pulse at very low power, pop for elemental fermentation? China has ‘teapot’ refiners… We can dodge the conglomerate trap, perhaps, with “soft fusion breweries”? Those metals will continue to bottleneck all industrial push from cheap power… What happened to the catalytic converter experiments? Meh… I will stop rambling…

    • Zephir

      /* but to reduce the variables in the LENR theory to the bare minimum */

      This is just the Li + deuterium fusion in vacuum the Craven’s balls are way too complex system for it (nickel+palladium+hydrogen+deuterium+carbon+iron+samarium magnets and whatever else). But the simplest system with respect to theory may not be optimal one with respect to experimental conditions. We aren’t using simplest Faraday motors and batteries from good reason: their effectiveness is low and they require rather specific conditions for to work reliably.

  • Zephir

    In my theory the cold fusion runs via long-dimensional collisions of long chains of atom nuclei within crystal lattice, which act due to their large inertia concentrated into a small volume like the pistons and anvils. The fast collisions of atoms would be also followed with radiation of localized impulses of energy.

    The magnetic monopoles could form, if the dipoles would broke faster, than the EM field could close the magnetic lines the force. Along the long dense chains of atoms the speed of light propagation would be lowered in similar way, like inside the boson condensates, so that the condition for formation of scalar waves and magnetic anapoles could be fulfilled there.

    In this regard it may be significant, that the intriguing formation of large magnetic field (1.6 Tesla) has been observed during public Defkalion demos

    the formation of spiral-like tracks around cold fusion experiments
    could be attributed to presence of both huge magnetic fields
    (cyclotron effect) both anapole character of resulting particles

    • Zephir

      Whereas the formation of monopole particles and magnetic field can be explained in rather comfortable way, the opposite effect, i.e. the enhancement of cold fusion with external magnetic field poses more intriguing problem – particularly because the intensity of magnetic field of common samarium/neodymium magnets looks quite low for being able to affect the processes at nuclear basis.

    • Zephir

      According to Alain Coëtmeur some experiments by Dennis letts are triggered by magnetic pulse.
      He also triggered LENr in electrolythic cell with low power laser, or with laser beat at THz (thus electromangnetic field). Recent experiments by Violante in ENEA also use magnetic pulse triggering, and there are measurements of ~80GHz signal produced…

  • Jouni Tuomela

    My favorite theory still is, that during sintering of Ni-nanopowder of correct size in H atmosphere, and after just the right amount or necks collapsing to H-containing pores cavities form, witch have special resonating-properties that when exited do miracles.
    But ok, yours seems better.

  • Zephir

    This is all just a speculation: I don’t think that the intensity of magnetic field around neodymium/samarium magnets (1 Tesla) could affect the cold fusion significantly.