Nobel Physics Prize Awarded to Researchers in Condensed Matter Physics

The Nobel Prize Committee has awarded the 2016 prize in Physics to British scientists working in the field of condensed matter physics, Michael Kosterlitz (Brown University), David Thouless (University of Washington) and Duncan Haldane (Princeton University). The Nobel award is “for theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter.”

From the press release announcing the award from the Nobel Committee:

“They revealed the secrets of exotic matter
This year’s Laureates opened the door on an unknown world where matter can assume strange states. They have used advanced mathematical methods to study unusual phases, or states, of matter, such as superconductors, superfluids or thin magnetic films. Thanks to their pioneering work, the hunt is now on for new and exotic phases of matter. Many people are hopeful of future applications in both materials science and electronics.

The three Laureates’ use of topological concepts in physics was decisive for their discoveries. Topology is a branch of mathematics that describes properties that only change step-wise. Using topology as a tool, they were able to astound the experts. In the early 1970s, Michael Kosterlitz and David Thouless overturned the then current theory that superconductivity or suprafluidity could not occur in thin layers. They demonstrated that superconductivity could occur at low temperatures and also explained the mechanism, phase transition, that makes superconductivity disappear at higher temperatures.

In the 1980s, Thouless was able to explain a previous experiment with very thin electrically conducting layers in which conductance was precisely measured as integer steps. He showed that these integers were topological in their nature. At around the same time, Duncan Haldane discovered how topological concepts can be used to understand the properties of chains of small magnets found in some materials.

We now know of many topological phases, not only in thin layers and threads, but also in ordinary three-dimensional materials. Over the last decade, this area has boosted frontline research in condensed matter physics, not least because of the hope that topological materials could be used in new generations of electronics and superconductors, or in future quantum computers. Current research is revealing the secrets of matter in the exotic worlds discovered by this year’s Nobel Laureates.”

In discussing the practical implication of his research at a news conference at Princeton University, Dr. Haldane commented “I think the main message is that we’re going to find all kinds of great things that applying these new quantum mechanical principles to matter will allow us to do, and we don’t really know what those are.”

The field of LENR is often considered to belong in the realm of condensed matter physics, so while this Nobel award itself is not directly connected to LENR, it may have some connections. The recently released paper from the US Defense Threat Reduction Agency “Investigation of Nano-Nuclear Reactions in Condensed Matter” by Mosier-Boss, Forsely, and McDaniel reported that superconductivity was found to occur in palladium-deuterium LENR experimental systems.

So while the news of this prize has not given any attention to LENR, it may be that LENR is one field that the work of these Nobel laureates has applications for.

  • greggoble

    Right now, this moment in time is precious. That’s why it’s called the present…

  • greggoble

    No, it is not Sigma 5. it is in regard to technologically advanced dry cell LENR that was suppressed by the Belgian Ministry of Defence in 1989. High temperature dry cell LENR is attaining Sigma 5 through the efforts of many folks, some who only worked the wet cell scenario until Rossi.

    Two questions to consider:

    What affect would these cold fusion patents and related scientific papers have had, on the advancement of the art, if they had reached the cold fusion scientific community and media in 1989?

    How do these early Belgian cold fusion patents compare to advanced LENR patents emergent today?

    In this regard Zero represent the suppressed works of Joannes Van Den Boagert (an inactive precursor).

    It is my belief that high temp contemporary dry cell LENR, represented as number one, would have been approaching Sigma 5 much earlier if his works hadn’t been suppressed.

    What are your thoughts on this?
    Belgium Missing LENR Energy and the Suppression of Cold Fusion 1991

  • greggoble

    Hey now… Love is caring… Fire in the hearth nurtures and sustains us… Love equates to energy… Energy equates to caring… Caring equates to money… The petro-dollar follows the route of firewood and dung as problematic, troublesome and inadequate for our needs. love/energy/caring/money Without love and caring your energy and money is wasted.

    Anyways… preaching to the choir.

    I’m writing to say I LOVE YOU! Keep up the good works…

    What’s your take on this? Would the publication of Joannes’ patents in 1989 have quickened the field of cold fusion?

    Belgium Missing LENR Energy and the Suppression of Cold Fusion 1991

    Greg Goble

    I often wonder about think tanks that completely miss out on emergent LENR energy. Take for instance the Centre for European Policy Studies, out of Brussels, Belgium. A search of their sites, on this date 2/20/2016, for LENR or cold fusion led to nothing! Zip! Nada! Totally clueless!

    Consider this, “the Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) is a leading think tank and forum for debate on EU affairs, with an exceptionally strong in-house research capacity and an extensive network of partner institutes throughout the world”.

    If I know about emergent LENR energy, some of the folks at CEPS most likely do too. Just in case they don’t, today 2/20/2016, I sent this message to these kind and loving folks in Belgium.

    (isabelle.tenaerts, monica.alessi, fabio.genoese, milan.elkerbout, andrei.marcu, jj.vandeberg, Paul.Verstraeten, Achiel.VanCauwenberghe, info, FU.US

    Mystery or Knot Science

    Is a Knot Intertwining
    Is an Art Unraveling

    Love is a Life Learning
    Love is a Lattice Vibration
    Love is a Source Energizing
    Love is a World Operation

    Love is the earth. We Birth from
    Love is the air. We Breathe of
    Love is the fire. We Live with
    Love is the water. We Drink in

    Art of Love of Science
    Rite of Well Being
    Essence of Spirit
    Heart Matter

    The be all
    The end


    Cold Fusion



    About CEPS
    Founded in Brussels in 1983, CEPS is distinguished by its:

    -extensive network of highly reputable partner institutes throughout the world
    -multidisciplinary, multinational and multicultural research team of around 50 analysts
    -broad membership base of 139 Corporate and 93 Institutional Members, which provide expertise and act as a sounding board for the feasibility of CEPS’ policy proposals and
    -privileged contacts with decision-makers at the European and national level
    In-house research programmes:

    -Economic and Social Welfare Policies
    -Financial Markets and Institutions
    -Energy and Climate Change
    -EU Foreign Policy
    -Justice and Home Affairs
    -Politics and Institutions
    -Regulatory Affairs
    -Food Security and Development

    Independent research institutes managed in house by CEPS

    -European Capital Markets Institute (ECMI)
    -European Credit Research Institute (ECRI)
    -Europe-wide research networks organised by CEPS
    -European Climate Platform (ECP)
    -European Network of Economic Policy Research Institutes (ENEPRI)
    -European Policy Institutes Network (EPIN)

    Cold Fusion 1989

    From the beginning Belgium has taken a unique stance in regards to cold fusion research. In 1991, the Belgium Ministry of Defence sequestered a series of technologically advanced (dry cell) cold fusion patents (filed in 1989) and all related research papers.

    If Joannes Van Den Boagert had violated that order, by continuing his research or sharing it with others, he would have been charged with treason.

    What justified this suppressive act against the scientific method?
    What were they afraid of or hoping to gain?

    Simple Definition of Defence

    -the act of defending someone or something from attack
    -something that is used to protect yourself, your country, etc.
    -the act of speaking or writing in support of someone or something that is being attacked or criticized

    Simple Definition of Suppressive

    -to put an end to the activities of (a person, body of persons, etc.)
    -to do away with by, as by authority; abolish; stop (a practice, custom)
    -to withhold disclosure or publication (truth, evidence, a book, names)
    Read more at “Belgian LANR Patents”

    Emergent LENR energy is about to make history. This will be the catalyst that causes professional historians and investigative journalists to research every detail of cold fusion’s interesting, yet often troubled, past.

    Why did the Belgium Ministry of Defence sequester technologically advanced cold fusion/LENR patents and research papers?

    What affect would these cold fusion patents and related scientific papers have had, on the advancement of the art, if they had reached the cold fusion scientific community and media in 1989?

    How do these early Belgian cold fusion patents compare to advanced LENR patents emergent today?

    What was the state of U.S. and Belgium relations in 1989?

    What role, if any, did the U.S. have in the decision to sequester Joannes Van Den Boagert’s patents?

    Did the Belgium Ministry of Defence share Joannes Van Den Boagert’s works with the United States Department of Defense leading to their experimenting with dry cells and metals that are present on a carrier material, e.g. are present on vapour deposited form (thin film co-deposition)?

    Context for pondering answers to these questions, the stage set so to speak, is provided by a bit of study…

    Belgium Missing LENR Energy and the Suppression of Cold Fusion 1991

    Sequestered Cold Fusion Patents – Belgium 1991

    The two patents are: BE1002780 (A7) – 1991-06-04 “Nuclear Fusion” and BE1002781 (A6) – 1991-06-04 “Method for the Production of Energy by Nuclear Fusion”, filed by Joannes Van Den Boagert in 1989, sequestered in 1991.

    Key points that justify these as ‘technologically advanced patents’ are presented.

    From his patents:

    Terms found…
    no elecrolyte
    atomic hydrogen
    ionized gas (plasma)
    deuterium that has been pre-ionized to form deuterons
    preference to palladium, titanium, or nickel
    iron is possibly likewise useful at higher temperature, e.g. 800C

    metals are present on a carrier material, e.g. are present on vapour deposited form
    separate metal particles 0.01 cm to 10 cm
    sintered metal (porous)
    sufficiently small hydrogen absorbing particles (colloidal particles)
    lithium and/or boron in plasma form
    lithium transformed to tritium
    electrostatic wetting
    large amount of free electrons
    expanded proton orbitals
    condensation of electron orbitals
    pulsating potential difference
    dielectric electrostatically charged surface
    reversing polarity

    agitation (lattice oscillations) of the interstitial neutrons
    electrostatic pressure

    Method and Theory found…

    BE1002780 (A7)
    pg. 3

    The electrode-material at which the nuclear fusion reaction takes place consists preferably of a metal absorbing hydrogen exothermally. The absorption increases with gas pressure.

    Examples of such metals of are: titanium, zirconium, vanadium, niobium, tantalum and palladium (ref. Inorganic Chemistry by C. de Barry Barnell and C.L. Wilson – Longmans Green and Co., London (1955) pg. 108). Iron is possibly likewise useful at higher temperature, e.g. 800C. The ‘sorption’ of hydrogen to Pd as a function of temperature and pressure is described in the aforementioned book, whereas the sorption of hydrogen, deuterium, and tritium to titanium is described in JACS 78 (1956) pgs. 5155-5159.

    According to a particular embodiment said metals are present on a carrier material, e.g. are present on vapour deposited form. For example, the carrier material is carbon or another metal that is thermally and electrically a good conductor and optimally is slowing down high speed neutrons or is an absorber therefor.

    The hydrogen-absorbing electrode can be porous, e.g. is a sintered metal or can be in the form of separate particles having a diameter of e.g. 0.01 cm to 10 cm. Separate particles can function individually as an electrode as in a polarograph (ref. Analytical Chemistry).

    from description of figure 2, this quote begins top of pg. 5

    Analogously thereto likewise cations, more particularly, their orbitals are smeared on a negatively charged surface. In a crystal such surface has to be considered spatially. the deuterium-cations are smeared out between the negative electron clouds surrounding the palladium ions. Since hereby the originally sphere-shaped D+ orbitals are smeared out over a larger surface at a constant charge their Coulomb repulsion will be reduced, and there exists the possibility that such expanded orbitals, resembling as droplets of oil, alike will come to fusion. Hereby one or more large orbitals are formed whereto the neutrons remain associated. Such may be considered as a kind of nuclear fusion.

    from description of figure 4, pg. 5

    In fig. 4 is illustrated how positive deuterium orbitals, represented by p, are situated between positive Pd ions and by the positive crystal lattice ions are pushed together electrostatically. Such will happen by reversing the polarity (Pd becomes the anode) and fused D+ is expelled as T+. In the nuclear fusion reaction orbitals of minimal energy are formed, i.e. binding energy is transformed as mass defect into free energy (kinetic energy and radiation).

    from claims, pg. 8

    9. Method according to claim 8, wherein deuterium is used mixed with lithium and/or borine in plasma form.

    BE1002781 (A6)

    pg. 1
    The hydrogen absorbing metals palladium and titanium are available in crystalline form with a “closest packing” crystal lattice. Palladium crystallizes in the cubic-surface centered system ( fcc = face centered cubic ) titanium crystallizes in the “hexagonal close-packed structure” (hpc).

    pg. 2
    In the non-published Belgian patent application #8900444, filed 21st April 1989, the hypothesis has been put forward that the orbital expansion of a charged elementary particle occurs when work is done by an electrical field built up by electrons that are present in surplus within the crystal lattice of the host metal.


    A large amount of free electrons in a crystal promotes the absorption of protons and deuterons and builds a sufficiently large field strength whereby the orbital expansion and concentration of a plurality of protons within a new and larger orbital can take place.

    pg. 3
    By the agitation (lattice oscillations) of the interstitial neutrons and the electrostatic pressure exerted by the positive Pd-ions on the expanded and already condensed proton orbitals these orbitals are cut with the formation of nuclei with smaller energy content. As a result thereof mass-defect and transformation of rest-mass into energy takes place according to the equation e=m.c squared.

    pg. 5
    According to another practical embodiment said hydrogen absorbing particles are brought into motion in the absence of a liquid in a gas containing fusionable atomic nuclei that are absorbed in said particles.


    According to an embodiment operating with sufficiently small hydrogen absorbing particles (colloidal particles) said particles form an aerosol in the gas containing fusionable nuclei.


    According to a preferred embodiment the fusionable matter is deuterium and or not mixed with tritium.

    The hydrogen absorbing material is e.g. a metal or a metal alloy…

    … Preference is given to palladium, titanium, and nickel.
    … hereby a high take-up of fusionable atomic nuclei is obtained, particularly when colloidal hydrogen absorbing particles, e.g. colloidal crystalline (fcc) Pd or (hpc) Ti is used, and a plasma of fusionable matter is used, e.g. deuterium that has been pre-ionized to form deuterons, is used.

  • sam
  • clovis ray

    HI, Guys,
    Dr Rossi ‘s time is coming, when he gets his just dues, i know he wants it to be for the work he has did and info he has incurred. not something speculative, but the 5 sigma,

    • greggoble

      #0 precedes #1
      Joannes Van Den Boagert in 1989, sequestered in 1991

      inactive precursor


      plural noun: precursors

      a person or thing that comes before another of the same kind; a forerunner.

      “a three-stringed precursor of the violin”

      synonyms: forerunner, predecessor, forefather, father, antecedent, ancestor, forebear

      “a three-stringed precursor of the guitar”


      a substance from which another is formed, especially by metabolic reaction.

      “pepsinogen is the inactive precursor of pepsin”

  • georgehants

    An optimistic comment that hopefully is correct.
    Via Vortex with thanks
    Russ George
    Wed, 05 Oct 2016 00:55:09 -0700
    This year’s Nobel Prize in Physics is preparing the world for the revelation
    that cold fusion, aka condensed matter nano-fusion that is everywhere, is
    the reality that will transform the world like never before. It has been a
    long time coming but perhaps just in time to help save the world from the
    ravages of fossil fuels and the fossil fool oligarchy. It’s been a long
    fight but the cold fusion light bulbs are finally about to illuminate a new
    age of physics and energy.
    http:[email protected]/msg112251.html

  • Stephen

    This is great news I think. Condensed matter physics is getting more and more interesting the more I look at it. I some times wish I could work in that field of study. Quite apart from my interest in LENR I think this field of knowledge has reached its time and is likely to affect all kinds of new technology in the next decades. It’s a well deserved prize I think.

    I think also hope and think this could be the doorway for LENR to start to be thought about and understood in the wider science community especially if condensed matter physics is important for creating the environments where LENR can happen. In my opinion this field of science and the Interesting physics and phenomena that occurs is likely significant and important and certainly puts the poor assumptions made when some discredited “Cold Fusion” in 1989 into a different light especially when looking back in hindsight.

    I look forward to the days when scientists with this experience along with plasmonic experts, and other nano physics and materials experts can bring their expertese to the LENR field. When it does well who knows how it will take off. I hope if they do though they recognize the huge effort made by the few who worked at LENR and supported it, discussed it kept it alive as field of research in these last decades and raised its profile in these important times.

    I don’t know if Michael Kosterlitz, David Thouless and Duncan Haldine are curious about LENR or follow the LENR story but if they do and they browse here. I really Congratulate them on this. As I say even apart from my interest in LENR I find their field of study fascinating.

    It’s amazing they were looking at their stuff back in the 1970s

    • sam

      “Simulations show how to turn graphene’s defects into assets”

      “Nanotechnology for energy materials: Electrodes like leaf veins”

    • greggoble

      I some times wish I could work in that field of study.

      Imagine if you were sequestered…

      • Stephen

        Good point.

        It’s a good thing to be able to think and speek freely.

        I wish there was a way that those who are constrained or those organizations that need to enforce that constraint could allow an element of open free communication of their expertise.

        They would benefit from ideas so communicated and so would we.

  • georgehants

    Q & A with F. Duncan Haldane, 2016 Nobel Laureate in Physics
    The Daily Princetonian sat down with University professor F. Duncan Haldane. Haldane was awarded the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics
    for “theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and
    topological phases of matter.” He joins the likes of Philip Anderson,
    Joseph Taylor, Daniel Tsui, and David Gross as University faculty
    members who’ve received a Nobel Prize in physics. Haldane is the Eugene
    Higgins Professor of Physics.