Paper: “A Technique for Making Nuclear Fusion in Solids” (Richard Wayte)

Thanks to Peter Gluck on his latest comment on the Ego Out site for pointing out an article by British researcher Richard Wayte that I hadn’t yet see, but is an interesting contribution to the body of LENR research. The article is titled “A Technique for Making Nuclear Fusion in Solids”.

The author has done numerous experiments using various chemicals. He has used a powdered deuteride (calcium, magnesium, strontium, barium, lithium and sodium) and mixes it red phosphorous, and with a transition metal. He has used manganese scandium, titanium, vanadium, chromium, iron, cobalt, nickel, copper, zinc, yttrium, zirconium, niobium, molybdenum and cadmium, and says he is able to see a nuclear fusion event, which is manifest in “hot spots” and explosions. He says that “repeatability is no longer a problem”, and thinks there should be a way to make this commercially useful.

The full text can be found here: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/294715828_A_Technique_for_Making_Nuclear_Fusion_in_Solids

Here are some excerpts:

Abstract

” A technique is described for making nuclear fusion at room temperature by compressing a powder mixture comprising a deuteride and catalytic material. The result is explosive beyond known chemical reaction for the materials. ”

Experimental description

“In the first experiments, about 200mg of the primary fuel powder was put in a compression cell which consisted of two EN31 chrome steel roller bearings (12mm x 12mm) as anvils in a mild steel sleeve, sealed 4 with a lead/tin solder ring to contain generated gases, see Figure 2a. When this cell was subjected to a vertical force of 30 tons in a press, the powder was formed into a hard solid disc, but no ignition occurred. The force was then removed so that a thin steel wedge could be placed underneath, before re-applying the force gradually. As a high force level was approached this time, it appeared that some shear occurred within the fuel pellet such that localised hot-spots [5,6,7] in the shear-plane ignited a chemical exothermic reaction which enabled the fusion process within the enclosed pressurised environment, causing an explosion in the cell.”

Hypothesis

“It is hypothesized that chemical and nuclear processes occur within the compressed fuel shear-plane hot-spots [5,6,7], which are high pressure plasma regions up to 1000oK. Here, ionised manganese and phosphorus may combine exothermically, yielding 104kJ/mol of MnP [11]. Nearby calcium deuteride, bound by 180kJ/mol 20 during its production [12], may now be dissociated by energetic phosphorus ions. Deuterium is thereby freed and calcium phosphide formed exothermically at 543kJ/mol [12], adding further energy to the hot pressurised plasma. Under pressure, freed deuterium atoms will occupy interstitial positions between surface atoms of manganese grains [13] where they are dynamically constrained while being bombarded by energetic deuterons in the plasma. At the same time, bombardment by energetic free electrons adds to the environment of manganese conduction/valence electrons and results in enough screening of the Coulomb force to enable fusion of the free and constrained deuterons.”

Conclusion

“A large number of experiments have been conducted with powdered material comprising a deuteride and catalyst. The technique is understood in terms of pressurised shearing hot-spots within which exothermic chemical reactions facilitate enough Coulombic screening for nuclear fusion of deuterons. Even a mixture of hydride and catalyst produces explosions, so this is a noteworthy phenomenon.”

  • Zephir

    Wayte’s Patent http://www.sumobrain.com/patents/wipo/Process-making-nuclear-fusion-energy/WO2014181097A1.html

    BTW Palladium and nickel aluminides are interesting by itself. What would happen, if we would ignite them with aluminum after saturation with deuterium or hydrogen?

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FR-qbK3fhzU
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyrotechnic_initiator#Intermetallics
    http://www2.latech.edu/~bli/JMR2000.pdf
    http://www.metalfoam.net/papers/kobashi02.pdf

    Ni + Ti → NiTi + 67kJ mol-1 Ni + Ti → Ti2Ni + 83kJ mol-1 Ni + Ti → Ni3Ti + 140kJ mol-1

    USP 4,880,483, USP 2 911 504

  • Gerard McEk

    Noch immer?

  • Bob Greenyer

    Alberto Carpinteri’s work based of 3rd quarter 20th century russian work. Fracto-fission.

    Our tests showed null – but we had insufficient press strength and sample size (so likely ductile fracture, which produces nothing, rather than brittle fracture, which produces neutrons) we also had the wrong type of neutron bubble detectors at the time.

    We need to re-do the tests.

  • Andre Blum

    Wann?

  • Gerard McEk

    Und?

    • Zephir

      So was?

  • US_Citizen71

    Before anyone freaks out a reproduction needs to happen, the world is full of papers. The description as an explosion is a bit much in my opinion. It seems to be better described as higher pressure caused by temperature increase, it may simply be phase change of a component due to an exothermic reaction that may not even be nuclear. A little copper and a small amount of the right explosive can do some wicked stuff to steel, the results seen in this line of experimentation might be related.

    • Michael W Wolf

      If the transition from a hydrogen atom going to a lower ground state releases energy, can that be considered an explosion? It may not be nuclear, which is why I think the phenomenon should be called Low Energy Nano Reaction (LENR). And if it is not chemical as Mills claims. May we have a yet to be discovered new kind of reaction that may deserve its own description?

  • Rene

    LENR bullets? Now there’s a thing.

    • Ophelia Rump

      LENR Nuclear cannon shells. Consider the potential range and small storage requirements because they are almost all projectile.

      • Nixter

        Good observation, such a solution would be ideal for the latest military case-less ammunition designs. A smaller more powerful charge is exactly what is needed in this application. With a few hundred milligrams of charge resulting in a significant energy release, you have to wonder what a couple of tons would do,…..

        • Ophelia Rump

          The end of days.

  • Buck

    This has the potential for changing the nature and scope of the U.S. House of Representatives Armed Services Committee’s order requiring the Secretary of Defense to provide a briefing on LENR to the committee by September 22, 2016.

    Here is the link to the e-catworld discussion:
    http://www.e-catworld.com/2016/06/14/house-committee-requires-lenr-briefing-from-secretary-of-defense-lenria-press-release/

  • https://www.facebook.com/app_scoped_user_id/100002656573372/ Ian Walker

    Hi all

    Ah if this is true then the reason for the Shenanigans between Rossi and IH and the whole suppression of LENR research is explained…

    A destabilised middle east with radical nut-jobs and a trigger happy Israel means this is a real problem. Also why the US did a deal with Iran becomes more understandable.

    Hope it is not true.

    Kind Regards walker

    • Gerard McEk

      Yes this all is very frightning and I hope not true.
      Do not trust humanity with explosive devices. As the US clearly shows: ‘Everyone has the right to defend himself’. So everyone builds his own arsenal and when the moment is there, only one little bang will blow the whole nation from the Earth. It is the ‘New World’ and still not grown up. Unable to control itself. But this is what we humans are: we cannot trust ourself and the US is just a good example and there are many more!

      • Eyedoc

        GMcE….”.We cannot trust ourself”… how sad an attitude……”Do not trust humanity with explosive devices. As the US clearly shows:”…….you do realize there are hundreds of millions guns in the hands of US citizens and how many gun deaths ? less than a fraction of a percent of “danger ” here…unfortunately .the same MSM that won’t talk of LENR is at work on you…PLEASE DO TRUST YOURSELF !!!! enough said

  • Mike403

    Oops! Maybe the wrong ‘cat’ just got out of the bag?

  • Zephir

    BTW Red mercury could be equivalent to metal + red phosphorus mixture… Nazis also experimented with some red/violet stuff reportedly..

  • Zephir

    A hydrogen bomb ignited by classical explosives or maybe just with friction – what more the terrorist regimes would want?

    • Ged

      Seems I must now take back my saying that LENR doesn’t really directly cause explosions from runaway fusion. Seems someone has found a way afterall!

  • http://www.health-answers.co.uk Agaricus

    The obvious military applications make me uneasy about this one. It may also provide an excuse for governments to make such experimentation illegal under various explosives acts.

    • georgehants

      O’ dear Peter is this different from the usual Cold Fusion?

      • http://www.health-answers.co.uk Agaricus

        It is, because no electrical inputs or special conditions seem to be required. The initiation energy appears to be chemical. It’s likely it could potentially be used to build very powerful projectile cartridges, mines, grenades and other explosive ordinance.

        • georgehants

          Then there should be no lack of money or secrecy for this discovery.
          Wonderful World.

          • http://www.health-answers.co.uk Agaricus

            The silver lining to my cloud.

          • Brokeeper

            Great! More toys for the insane.

        • Zephir

          Uranium wire could absorb and compress deuterium to the point of fusion when zapped with a high current discharge of a few microseconds without need of critical mass. The experiments with explosive wires were the way, in which whole cold fusion research started before one hundred years. And I can imagine many other ways.

    • Zephir

      How the government could prohibit just the terrorists in experimentation?

      • http://www.health-answers.co.uk Agaricus

        Governments tend to go for ‘blanket’ controls when they want to stop something – they wouldn’t worry too much about genuine experimenters.. Phosphorus seems to be the key here, so banning or licensing phosphorus sales would seems to be the obvious route. Tracking illicit phosphorus shipments would quickly become a tool in the ‘anti-terrorist’ armory, but the idea of some bunch of jihadist wackos possibly building any type of nuclear device is profoundly scary.

        • Zephir

          No way, phosphorus can be prepared easily from phosphate fertilizer silica and aluminum dust 6NaPO3 + 10Al + 3SiO2 = 3Na2SiO3 + 5Al2O3 + 3P2

          • cashmemorz

            OK so I have to share the $89 million with Z.

  • georgehants

    If the words are “open” “repeatability” then those magic words outrank every word yet spoken about Cold Fusion.

  • http://lenrftw.net LENR G

    repeatability is no longer a problem

    MFMP: something to do in your copious spare time.

    • http://www.health-answers.co.uk Agaricus

      Reasonably quickly please, before phosphorus sales are controlled.

      • cashmemorz

        After that is controlled another bright one will find another material and on and on…

    • Ged

      Just don’t put the neighborhood into space. Gotta keep the raw ingredient weights small enough that nuclear events won’t be catastrophic… 200 mg is pretty dang light.

    • Bob Greenyer

      Might be worth visiting them.