Spin Waves and LENR (Axil Axil)

The following post has been submitted by Axil Axil

There are at least three LENR systems now that have now reported strong RF radiation coming from the system. It could be that RF is an integral part of the LENR reaction, either a driver and/or a result of the reaction, thus providing a major clue to how LENR works.

The presence of RF emanating from these LENR reactors comes from the existence of spin waves that derives from the electrons and other magnetic particles that receive and transmit energy from the reactor.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=St4ykzFYJts

When energy is applied to the spins of electron and/or magnetons pairs, that pair precesses. I am using the term magneton to identify the magnetic moment of the Surface Plasmon Polariton (SPP). Precession is a change in the orientation of the rotational axis of a rotating body. This precession stores energy as magnetic force and also is transferred to the mass of the electrons and magnetons that makeup the spin wave. In atomic physics, the Bohr magneton (symbol μB) is a physical constant and the natural unit for expressing the magnetic moment of an electron caused by either its orbital or spin angular momentum. The electron magnetic moment, which is the electron’s intrinsic spin magnetic moment, is approximately one Bohr magneton. There is a potential for a large amount of energy storage in the spin wave. The SPP is the particle that allows open ended energy storage in the spin wave. For example, energy content of magnetons will increase by advancing the energy and the associated frequency of the photons that comprise these magnetons from infrared into the x-ray range.

The frequency of the RF from the spin wave is proportional to the energy contained in the spin wave. A high frequency RF emission from a LENR reactor means that it is producing a large amount of energy that is being released as RF and then converted from RF to heat by the reactor structure.

RF from spin waves is produced when energy is added or released from the spin wave. This energy equalization process is what produces the spin wave. This energy equalization process produces and imbalance in the precession frequencies from one pair of spin particles to the next in the magnetic particle sea that will ripple throughout the entire sea of those particles. These waves are what produce RF.

Be advised; learn about spin waves if you want to understand LENR.

The particle and associated charge separation that occurs in “Hole Superconductivity” produced in metalized alkali hydrides is what generates the anapole magnetic fields that are central to the LENR reaction. In metalized alkali hydrides, the positive charges are confined to the interior of the crystal and the negative charges are expelled by the Meissner effect to the exterior surface of the crystal. The spin waves that form are also partitioned with the North Poles all confined to the center of the crystal and the south poles confined to the exterior surface of the crystal. The monopole flux lines are a vector sum based on the precessing angle of the particle spin waves. The North Pole of the magnetic field come from the center of the crystal and the South Pole come from the magnetic flux lines emanating from the exterior surface of the crystal.

One of the important magnetic amplification mechanisms that superconductivity provides is that all the particles are aligned in the same direction. In a metallic magnet, only a small fraction of the magnetic particles are aligned along the magnetic flux lines resulting in very weak magnetic field production. Simply stated, the metalized alkali hydrides produce super magnetism.

The magnetic particles that comprise the spin wave don’t move, so most of the energy is magnetic. There is momentum transfer as the differences in magnetic spin travel across the surface of the spin wave. One magnetic particle passes magnetic energy to the next…that is momentum transfer.

Deflector Shields and LENR

Space travel during a solar storm just became a little less risky. UK scientists working at Rutherford Appleton Laboratory near Oxford and the universities of York and Strathclyde have tested a “mini-magnetosphere” enveloping a model spacecraft in the lab. It turns out that their prototype offers almost total protection against high energy solar particles. By mimicking the natural protective environment of the Earth, the researchers have scaled the protective magnetic bubble down into an energy efficient, yet powerful deflector shield.

This astounding achievement is a big step toward protecting sensitive electronics and the delicate human body against the radioactive effects of manned missions between the planets. It may sound like science fiction, but future astronauts may well shout the order to “RAISE SHIELDS!” if the Sun flares up during a 36 million mile journey to Mars…

On writing “Scientists Designing ‘Ion Shield’ To Protect Astronauts From Solar Wind” way back in January, I was a little dubious as to whether the preliminary results could be replicated on a full-scale spaceship. At the time, Dr Ruth Bamford (the lead researcher from Rutherford Appleton) had created a mini version of a magnetic shield that acted as a “bubble” in a stream of ions. As ions were charged, they could be deflected by a magnetic field, so the field acts as a barrier to deflect the paths of these ions around the void encapsulated by the magnetic field. All that had to be done was to scale the idea up a notch or two and then place a spaceship in the middle of the protected void. Solved!

Not so fast. The biggest drawback I could see back in January was the large amount of energy that would be required to power the system. After all, to generate a stable, spaceship-sized mini-magnetosphere would need a vast quantity of electricity (and be very bulky), or it would need to be highly efficient (and compact). As this is space travel we’re talking about, the scientists would need to look into the latter. The mini-magnetosphere would need to be a highly efficient device.

Eleven months later and it looks like the British team has found their answer. In results just published in the journal Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, they have devised a system no bigger than a large desk that uses the same energy as an electric kettle. Two mini-magnetospheres will be contained within two mini satellites located outside the spaceship. Should there be an increase in solar wind flux, or an approaching cloud of energetic particles from a flare and/or coronal mass ejection (CME), the magnetospheres can be switched on and the solar ions are deflected away from the spacecraft.

“These initial experiments have shown promise and that it may be possible to shield astronauts from deadly space weather,” Dr Bamford said. After all, the effects of radiation poisoning can be devastating.

Prof. Bob Bingham, a theoretical physicist at the University of Strathclyde, gives a graphic account as to why this technology is important:

“Solar storms or winds are one of the greatest dangers of deep space travel. If you got hit by one not only would it take out the electronics of a ship but the astronauts would soon take on the appearance of an overcooked pizza. It would be a bit like being near the Hiroshima blast. Your skin would blister, hair and teeth fall out and before long your internal organs would fail. It is not a very nice way to go. This system creates a Magnetic Field Bubble that would deflect the dangerous radiation away from the spacecraft.” – Prof. Bob Bingham

Bingham added that the team was currently patenting the technology and hopes to have a working full size prototype within five years. So we have to wait some time until we see some pictures of the system in action…

Source: Telegraph (UK)

One of the miracles that pervade LENR is the persistence of both the structure of the hydride and the associated superconductivity that that structure generates at any temperature and pressure no matter how hot. This miracle is a result of the existence of a magnetic spin wave on the surface of the metalize alkali hydride.

The magnetic particles comprising the spin waves on the surface of metalized alkali hydrides act as analog magnetic monopoles producing anapole magnetic flux lines. This magnetic field repels and isolates heat originated particle collisions to insulate the structure of the metalized alkali hydrides Hole Superconductor from external heat/pressure damage. This monopole field also absorbs any photons because it absorbs their energy and then adds that energy to the protective power of the spin wave.

phys.org/news/2010-03-magnetic…le-cern-rewrite-laws.html

“Professor Pinfold says the discovery of electronic monopoles will open up a whole new future for materials and technology if scientists can produce large numbers of them. “Monopoles could make materials strong enough to withstand a nuclear explosion and could also enable magnetic levitation.”

It looks like metalized alkali hydrides have provided that monopole magnetic property central to particle impact screening. Just like magnetism keeps heat inside a fusion reactor, the magnetic field of the enveloping spin wave keeps heat out of the LENR based Hole Superconductor.

For example, powered by the nuclear power output of LENR, the huge strength that this magnetic field can exert is seen in the protection it affords the water crystal in cavitation erosion.

Axil Axil

  • Rene

    Axil, RF at what frequencies(or wavelength)?

    • Axil Axil

      A post from EROS as follows:

      Alan Smith wrote:
      Cheapest way to look for RF is to use a little inexpensive transistor radio. Try the AM (LW/MW) and FM/VHF bands

      FM radio is affected near reactor. Even shutdown reactor affect. Need to look more radios to test. Looks like low band have more disortion ~80Mhz.

      If RF less than 100Mhz ED88T don’t show. Too small farady cage? Near transmitter B/U effects? Too fast changing B that ED88T hall sensor dosn’t see it?

      —————-

      80Mhz seems to be successful in inducing excess heat in some electrolytic experiments.

      see

      http://www.iccf19.com/_system/download/poster/PS53_Scholkmann.pdf

      • Rene

        I’ve worked with RF from 3MHz to 300MHz in my ham days, then 2GHz to 30GHz playing with high speed coms and chirped continuous wave ranging systems . I have better equipment than a transistor radio 🙂
        Going through that link you provided I see two parts:
        1. the Craven experiments, apply a low power 200mw (milliwatt) 81.9MHz signal to the reactor caused increased heat production.
        2. In that ICCF19 paper a number of experimenters noticed RF production a various frequencies, but the measured output is -50dB (see charts). There is no description I can find of the distance from the cell, but we can assume inches and not feet. A -50dB signal strength is in the 200 microwatt range. There is nothing intense about that.
        Can you point to any other sources that report intense (and by that I mean 20 watts or up) of RF beging generated by a LENR cell?
        Note too, that MFMP sometimes calls far IR terahertz RF (appropriate). This is why I asked which frequencies.

        • Axil Axil

          A post from EROS

          eros

          Shielding from reactor emitting RF and RF measuring
          Jul 25th 2016
          Hello I don’t find clear thread for reactor RF noise shielding, absorbers, frequency, polarization etc. ideas so new thread

          Problem are that my reactor come critical and give huge amounts RF noise. My RF noise meter (0.1-8Ghz) show near zero values. Situation is dangerous because radiated RF hit brains (brains magnetite crystals? ~1um region?)

          I built faraday cage but noise come through it. Only ~3sec feeling that it quit when cage is closed then it continue as before. Material is ~0.5mm steel (from tin cans).
          @me365 report that he find RF go through 1cm Al.

          What level and frequency RF is if it can go through 1cm Al or 0.5mm steel? Some terahertz radiation or what?

          I need ideas to measure and protection for such intense RF. Good/cheap RF absorbers? Metering ideas?

          Intense RF/terahertz radiation is know to cause biological hazard. Need ideas before it kills me.. It hurt brains, eyes..

          • Rene

            Again, he needs to ensure no ground loops are present that can send RFI into measuring equipment. Given he did say nearly no RF between100MHz and 8GHz (would like to know the meter make and model), it’s like low frequency spikes. This is always an issue in experiments that have switching power sources generating harmonics and sensitive measuring equipment. The hash can worm its way into the sensing electronics. One always has to start there first to ensure the obvious stuff is not corrupting the data recorders.

        • Axil Axil

          To be sure about RF production in gas phase LENR, we will need to wait for MFMP to test ME356 reactor designs to see if RF production is different between the dummy reactor and the active reactor.

      • Rene

        Going to add another couple of points from the references you cited:
        They are electrolysis experiments, plenty of ways to generate RF just from the bubble formation.

        It looks like the author states no correlation of heatproduction and RF:
        “Here, one cell is described that showed low levels of constant heat (1–7 mW) and radio frequency (RF) emanations, but the RF was not correlated with the heat production.”
        and, insofar as the meaning of “intense RF”, it is very low power – the -30dB “intense RF” was only 5mw (milliwatts). That’s less RF than emitted from Wi-Fi access points.
        I’m afraid the references do not support your article.

    • Axil Axil

      A post from EN356

      me356

      Apr 11th 2016
      To answer mystery about – how temperature and power can be same at the same time, while excess heat is on and off?
      It is not that easy to simply answer, but it depends on where you measure the temperature – if temperature is measured at the spot, where the fuel is not present, the heater temperature will be virtually not affected. Thus power to the heater will be constant (maintained at the temperature)
      The heater was touching the tube only barely.

      On the other hand, if you are measuring it at the spot where the fuel is, everything will change.

      In my experiments, to make sure that there is no error, I am controlling the reactor by multiple temperature sources (IR, TC) and even by power analyser.
      This will exclude many possible errors.

      Test that was performed yesterday was started just for curiosity, I expected 40% success / 60% fail. But it was success since previously I was unable to get clear excess heat that laster for longer time with this kind of reactor.

      axil: I can’t answer it yet, since the issue is more complicated and I have started measurement of RF in 1/3 of the run (when it was more interesting) and it was already present.

      With my other reactors RF is present too and is even stronger and starts to appear with temperatures around 200°C. It is so intense that even scintillator can see it as extremely low energetic gamma peak (or peaks) that are at the specific energies (each reactor has slightly different).

      • Rene

        I think what he says is that RF spikes are false triggering the scintillator electronics. A triac can do that easily, so proper grounding and other RFI mitigations need to be done first before assuming much else about the RF or where it is coming from.

        • Axil Axil

          The heater coil complicates the isolation of RF causation. Holmlid will test for RF. He is using a laser to trigger the reaction. Any RF that Holmlid sees will be from the LENR reaction.

    • Axil Axil

      A post from ME356

      me356

      Apr 11th 2016+2
      GlowFish: This stainless steel chamber is able to operate at 1200°C safely. It can operate at 900°C continuously without any oxidation. I have never had a problem like this.
      Heater is cemented on the alumina tube.
      This issue can be completely excluded as I am able to get excess heat with completely different reactors (made from alumina).

      axil: Not yet. I have just verified that RF noise coming from the reactor is quite intense. Emmision can be shielded with 5mm thick aluminium block by 1/3.
      I am preparing new very sensitive pancake detector for a soft beta radiation measurement.

  • Zephir

    The problem of this article is, it’s nonsensical, the lack of reliable sources cited is the least problem here.

    “have now reported strong RF radiation coming from the system..” versus “..The x-ray radiation seen in the MFMP experiment..”

    So, are we reading about RF radiation or X-ray radiation? Why the electrons should be “expelled from center of conductor”, once it becomes superconducting (Axil Axil probably confused magnetic field with electrons here)? Bremsstrahlung doesn’t result from “kinetic
    energy”. And what the spin wave has to do with Bremsstrahlung?

    /* Is superconductivity associated with a lowering or an increase of the kinetic energy of the charge carriers? */ (https://arxiv.org/pdf/1103.3912.pdf)

    The kinetic energy of electrons doesn’t change during superconducting transition – it would lead into 1st order transition (the latent heat would evolve/consume in similar way, like during melting of ice), not 2nd order one (only the heat capacity of superconductor actually changes). It’s true that inside the superconductor the individual electrons move much faster, but their effective mass gets correspondingly lower, so no actual kinetic energy changes. If some latent heat get generated during it due to establishing of longer range EM fluctuations, then it remains quite marginal. Actually the effective mass of electrons within superconductor is calculated just under assumption, their kinetic energy remains the same, like inside the normal material.

    http://users-phys.au.dk/philip/pictures/solid_superconductivity/heatcapacity.gif

    It’s also important to understand, that the superconductive transition (despite its spectacularly singular manifestation with conductivity) isn’t some abrupt effect: just during cooling the gradually growing superconductive areas (i.e. the pseudogap phase) within material finally merge and they will form a continuum – so that the current may pass through it. But this current can be only very subtle tightly above the critical temperature Tc and every weak magnetic field (including this one generated with current itself) will kill the newly formed superconductivity again. Therefore, if you want to load the superconductor with sufficient current, you should cool it deeply enough bellow its Tc.

    http://i.imgur.com/SgQawXP.gif

    • Axil Axil

      Regarding: “Why the electrons should be “expelled from center of conductor”, ”

      Hole Superconductivity is an alternative theory to Conventional BCS theory that seeks to explain “High Temperature” superconductivity.

      See

      sdphln.ucsd.edu/~jorge/hole.html

      This theory covers superconductivity seen in high pressure physics.

      See

      arxiv.org/pdf/1103.3912.pdf
      Kinetic energy driven superconductivity, the origin of the Meissner effect, and the reductionist frontier

      A person good at numbers can calculate how fast electrons are pushed out of the center of a material when it becomes superconducting. This can predict the x-rays generated by those electrons on their way out of the material to the surface of the material. The equations start at section 7.

      sdphln.ucsd.edu/~jorge/abstracts/chargeexp.html

      “Charge expulsion and electric field in superconductorscond-mat/0308604 (Los Alamos) , Phys.Rev.B 68, 184502 (2003).The theory of hole superconductivity predicts that when a metal goes superconducting negative charge is expelled from its interior towards the surface. As a consequence the superconductor in its ground state is predicted to have a nonhomogeneous charge distribution and an outward pointing electric field in its interior. Here we propose equations to describe the behavior of the charge density and electric field in superconductors, and solve them for a spherical geometry. The magnitude of the predicted interior electric field depends on superconducting parameters such as the condensation energy and the London penetration depth and is found to be of order 10e6 V/cm. A physical interpretation of the result is given. It is predicted that for small superconducting bodies (compared to the penetration depth) an electric field outside the superconductor should result from this physics. This may explain a recent experimental observation in Nb metal clusters.”

      X-rays are produced at the instant that the Superconductive state is established or terminated when electrons are on the move.

      • Zephir

        /* when a metal goes superconducting negative charge is expelled from its interior towards the surface */

        It doesn’t and even cannot happen, until the material is superconductive, it must have the very same potential everywhere.

        /* X-rays are produced at the instant that the Superconductive state is established or terminated when electrons are on the move */

        No X-rays were ever observed during establishing of superconductive state. Which remote planet are you coming from?

    • Axil Axil

      It is becoming apparent to me that you have not studied the experimental history of the LENR reaction. RF production is observed most of the time for all those experimenters that are looking for it along with excess heat.

      • Zephir

        /* RF production is observed most of the time for all those experimenters that are looking for it along with excess heat */

        This is not true, try to cite at least one of the few thousands of LENR publications here http://www.lenr-canr.org/acrobat/ which deals with RF emissions.

        At second, RF production is one thing, but the rest of your articles talks about X-ray emissions only. But I’m aware, that Mark Twain once told “Never argue with stupid people…”

  • Axil Axil

    Yes, LENR active Hole superconductivity opens the door to the interstellar exploration of space. IMHO.

    FYI

    http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-36904456

    “Jupiter’s Great Red Spot – a hurricane three times bigger than Earth – is blasting the planet’s upper atmosphere with heat, astronomers have found.

    Using measurements from an infrared telescope in Hawaii, a UK and US team found evidence for temperatures as high as 1,500C – hundreds of degrees warmer than anywhere else on the planet.”

    IMHO, the heat produced by Jupiter, Ceres, and Pluto are produced by metalized hydrogen and water.

  • https://pissedthefuckoff.wordpress.com/ Mark

    I hope that this post isn’t too far off topic. I’ve been hearing about how it would be a revolution to have cars that can go for six months without refueling using cold fusion. However, I just read an article, that was originally posted a few years back, about a kind of technology that could make cold fusion and six-month time periods for refueling look insignificant, if it is real. I thought, Mr. Axil Axil, that since you seem to be well-versed in physics, you might want to comment on it. Here is the article:

    http://mashable.com/2013/11/07/thorium-power-everything/#px7PDJH7hsq8

    • Axil Axil

      Thorium is an element that is licensed by the NRC because it is a proliferation risk. Neutrons and thorium produce both U232 and U233, these two uranium isotopes more dangerous than U235 in terms of misuse for both bomb and dirty bomb production.

      The govenment will never allow thorium to be accessible to the pubic. There is also other dangerous byproducts of the throum reaction: NP237 which is another bomb capable material. NP237 is water soluble and easy to isolate from thorium waste.

      See

      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neptunium

      “The isotopes neptunium-235, -236, and -237 are predicted to be fissile;[14] only neptunium-237’s fissionability has been experimentally shown, with the critical mass being about 60 kg, only about 10 kg more than that of the commonly used uranium-235.[26] Calculated values of the critical masses of neptunium-235, -236, and -237 respectively are 66.2 kg, 6.79 kg, and 63.6 kg: the neptunium-236 value is even lower than that of plutonium-239. In particular 236Np also has a low neutron cross section.[14] Despite this, a neptunium atomic bomb has never been built:[26] ”

      Note: “the neptunium-236 value(critical mass) is even lower than that of plutonium-239.”

      • Rene

        Lantern mantles, thorium

        • Axil Axil

          See

          https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Hahn

          “Hahn diligently amassed this radioactive material by collecting small amounts from household products, such as americium from smoke detectors, thorium from camping lantern mantles, radium from clocks and tritium (a neutron moderator) from gunsights. His “reactor” was a bored-out block of lead, and he used lithium from $1,000 worth of purchased batteries to purify the thorium ash using a Bunsen burner.[2][3]”

          “Under terms of the plea, the original charge of larceny of a building would be dismissed at sentencing, scheduled for October 4.[14] He was sentenced to 90 days in jail for attempted larceny. Court records stated that his sentence would be delayed by six months while Hahn underwent medical treatment in the psychiatric unit of Macomb County Jail.”

          • Rene

            His mother tossed the breeder reactor in the trash before the Haz team took apart their house. So, somewhere in the Macomb county landfill there is a breeder reactor cooking away.

  • Jouni Tuomela

    This must have something to do with what you are saying, light and electron circling nanoparticles?
    http://phys.org/news/2016-08-scientists-previously-unknown.html

  • Zephir

    /* The following post has been submitted by Axil Axil */

    It makes the whole post questionable by definition. So we can start right with first sentence:

    /* There are at least three LENR systems now that have now reported strong RF radiation coming from the system. */

    I’d expect three links here.

  • Axil Axil

    RF and superconductivity at first glance seems to be incompatible because the Meissner effect does not permit any photons from entering inside of the superconductor. So RF must be produced on the outside skin of the superconductor with a fraction of that RF being reflected off the interior of the superconductor to the far field.

  • Axil Axil

    The x- ray radiation seen in the MFMP experiment called the “seventh segment signal” may have been caused by the initiation of “hole superconductivity” when the meissner effect expels electrons from the center of the superconducting material thereby producing x-rays through Bremsstrahlung.

    Also when the Hole superconductor is quenched, the same process produces electron collapse into the center of the dying superconductor also producing Bremsstrahlung.

  • Axil Axil

    It is important to use the corrent name for things to make Google work. Please change the following paragraph as follows:

    When energy is applied to the spins of electron and/or magnons pairs, that pair precesses. I am using the term magnons to identify the magnetic moment of the Surface Plasmon Polariton (SPP). The accepted science name of this particle is surface magnon polariton. Precession is a change in the orientation of the rotational axis of a rotating body. This precession stores energy as magnetic force and also is transferred to the mass of the electrons and magnons that makeup the spin wave. In atomic physics, the Bohr magneton (symbol μB) is a physical constant and the natural unit for expressing the magnetic moment of an electron caused by either its orbital or spin angular momentum. The electron magnetic moment, which is the electron’s intrinsic spin magnetic moment, is approximately one Bohr magneton. There is a potential for a large amount of energy storage in the spin wave. The SPP is the particle that allows open ended energy storage in the spin wave. For example, energy content of magnons will increase by advancing the energy and the associated frequency of the photons that comprise these magnons from infrared into the x-ray range.