LENR might be Strange (Axil Axil)

The following post has been submitted by Axil Axil

There is a strange lack of interest in the experimental results that Holmlid is reporting. Specifically, Holmlid is reporting the production of Kaons in his experiments.

The production of Kaons in Holmlid’s experiments is almost impossible to believe. But Holmlid is also seeing muons which are a decay product of Kaons. But at least Holmlid’s data is consistently mind boggling.

A Kaon is weird stuff because it is not nuclear matter, it is strange matter. The Kaon is not of this world and is produced by extremely unusual conditions. One of its production methods is through the interaction of cosmic rays with the upper atmosphere of the earth. The extreme energy that the cosmic ray imparts to the atoms of the air produces a quark gluon soup. This collection of unconfined quarks that condense out of the huge burst of energy and their strong force carriers: gluons produce a zoo of all sorts of wild out of this world exotic matter. One of those condensates is the Kaon. Another method of production is the collision of a pair of protons on a particle accelerator like CERN.

But according to standard model theory, when normal matter decays, strange matter is produced from the up and down quarks. According to theory, normal matter is meta-stable and the true baseline state of matter is strange.

This quark matter is more stable than nuclear matter, i.e. that the true ground state of matter is quark matter. The idea that this could happen is the “strange matter hypothesis” of Bodmer and Witten. In this definition, the critical pressure is zero. The nuclei that we see in the matter around us, which are droplets of nuclear matter, are actually metastable, and given enough time (or the right external stimulus) would decay into droplets of strange matter, i.e. strangelets.

If the “strange matter hypothesis” is true then nuclear matter is metastable against decaying into strange matter. The lifetime for spontaneous decay is very long, so we do not see this decay process happening around us. However, under this hypothesis there should be strange matter in the universe: i.e. strangelets.

LENR may now produce just the proper sort of external stimulus to transform normal matter to strange matter. In LENR experiments done so far, this strange matter has broken down into normal matter again. But could there be a condition when a critical point is reached when strange matter begins to proliferate onto itself in a positive feedback loop?

The question that involves LENR is if the production of strange matter becomes prolific enough, color superconductivity can set in producing strange matter aggregation.

The guys at CERN are looking for this strange transition to strangelets but they are keeping it secret to avoid legal complications. They have already faced a lawsuit claiming that CERN could destroy the earth through the prolific production of strange matter.

See
http://thirteenthmonkey.blogspot.com/2013/12/massive-dangers-ahead-for-cern-large.html

CERN does have a detector up and running to look for strangelets called Castor.

CASTOR calorimeter (standing for “Centauro And Strange Object Research”) is an electromagnetic (EM) and hadronic (HAD) calorimeter of the CMS experiment at CERN. It is based on plates made out of tungsten and quartz layers, positioned around the beam pipe in the very forward region of the CMS (at 14.385 m from the interaction point), covering the pseudo-rapidity range 5.1 — 6.55. It is used in collider physics, proton-proton collisions and heavy ion collisions, for example lead collisions. It is designed to search for strangelets and centauro events, kinds of exotic matter in the baryon dense, very forward phase region in lead (Pb) collisions at the particle accelerator LHC, CERN near Geneva.

When LENR breaks down matter into quark/gluon plasma, a possible strange matter aggregation process might take hold. Could this be how all the absolutely pure Ni62 was produced in the Lugano test? Does MFMP need to field a CASTOR calorimeter in their upcoming tests?

Axil Axil

  • Karl Venter

    Hi Axil

    I went to the lecture and being really really uneducated in nuclear physics I came away with a better understanding of a few things
    There seems to be a few things that would make fusion probability higher ( even the sun temp the probability is 10^-10)
    Density temperature and the excitement/energy to achieve this
    How does Rossi/ Homlid get past this issue
    How do they get the tunneling to happen when the probability is so low
    He used Lithium hydride and bombarded it with x rays and say 88 evens of Be ^8 transmutation
    How does Homlid get the temp and pressure to achieve tunneling
    Could you assist with the Rydberg Hydrogen issue?
    What is it and how do we achieve it
    If you have some time please help

  • Axil Axil
  • Axil Axil
  • Karl Venter

    Hi Axil

    There was a paper a month or so by a group here in south Africa doing fusion on a LiD system with Xrays.
    Any specific questions you may advise me to ask them?
    Fuel preparation – Hydrogen environment? maybe a bit of nickel to add to their experiment
    Please advise?
    They are having a talk on it?

  • Axil Axil

    As we now know, hawking radiation protects the earth from micro black holes, If orthodox science would only look into LENR closely, they could answer many unresolved questions that are now pending that science cannot currently answer.

  • Brokeeper

    I believe the 7 billion ‘mini black-holes’ on the earth’s surface is consuming it quite well.

  • Brokeeper

    Weight loss. Look what happend to AR. Watch it soon on your favorite infomercial.

  • Zephir

    /*But according to standard model theory, when normal matter decays, strange matter is produced from the up and down quarks */

    The up and down quarks are just normal matter, the strange matter requires presence of second generation of quarks: charm or strange quarks. These quarks can form even from normal matter – but it requires an energetic collision or replacement of one half of matter by antimatter.

  • jimbo92107

    Damn, I was hoping not to hear about the q-bomb while I was alive. Our species just can’t keep its grubby hands off things that explode. Please let us not vaporize the planet while I’m using it. Very rude!

    • Brokeeper

      Are you talking about the anti-hero Dr ‘Strange’love? 🙂

      • jimbo92107

        Benedict Cumberbund is perfect for that role.

  • Pekka Janhunen

    Initially I took Holmlid’s results kind of seriously because he’s a serious researcher, but nowadays I consider it likely that he isn’t seeing any dense hydrogen and is misinterpreting his data. Too much of his model rests on interpreting ion spectra as resulting from a “Coulomb explosion” where a laser pulse (he says) quickly throws electrons away after which the ion cluster explodes by their mutual Coulomb repulsion. His detector sees max ~600 eV protons, from which he calculates backwards that the nuclei must have been very close together initially, hence ultradense hydrogen. I am scepticla of this interpretation because the potential that one has at the middle of a stripped ion cloud also depends on the number of ions in the cloud – in the same way as the escape speed from the centre of a galaxy depends on the size and mass of the whole galaxy, not only on the local star density. The larger the cluster, the higher the maximum energy of the Coulomb-exploding ions, even if the cluster is made of normal density matter. All this assuming that the laser pulse indeed did strip away the electrons quickly. If that was not the case, the situation is more messy and interpreting the 600 eV as neighbour distance is even more questionable.

    Concerning muons, kaons and other exotic and short-lived particles, I do not see how they could have something to do with fusion or nuclear transmutation, because their energy scale is higher than that of nuclear reactions. A nuclear reaction just does not liberate enough energy to create any of these particles.

    • Zephir

      Yep, I can agree in full extent. The answer is in this observation for example: https://www.llnl.gov/news/billions-particles-anti-matter-created-laboratory The infrared laser pulse is the most powerful source of antimatter known so far, which overshadows the large expensive colliders, because the density of energy achieved is higher. If this laser beam is able to generate more antiparticles, than the less dense proton beam, then it’s not also strange, it can produce kaons, muons and another second generation particles.

    • Andreas Moraitis

      If there is fusion at all in these experiments, I would rather guess that it is muon-catalyzed fusion (originally named “cold fusion” in 1948). As you say, it is indeed not plausible that the muons (via kaons / pions) are generated by nuclear reactions, since the energies per event would be one order of magnitude too small. But imagine you could concentrate 1 mJ from a laser onto ten millions of particles. That would still give an average of 624 MeV per particle, which should suffice to produce kaons and similar stuff. To concentrate the energy would be the difficult part – maybe it could be reached via SPP vortices.

  • Alain Samoun

    This is a strange matter to me,but strangely it does matter if, in matter of fact, the matter becomes strange somewhat.

    • Brokeeper

      Strange.

  • Zephir

    Before some time Prof. Holmlid admitted himself, that the conditions of his fusion are rather more close to hot fusion (laser induced fusion in particular), because of high portion of
    energetic particles (muons in particular) were generated.

    http://www.e-catworld.com/2015/10/01/leif-holmlid-comments-on-his-fusion-process/

    “No, I research not about cold fusion, I research on laser-induced hot fusion. It enables us to reach a temperature of between 50 and MK 500 MK in the plasma. This one can measure both the neutron energy distributions (published) and from electron energy distributions (to be adopted soon). It is the temperature that needs to be reached to get the core processes that move with sufficient speed. It might seem strange that this is higher than the established temperature in the solar interior, but it depends on the core processes inside the sun goes very slowly.”

    • LilyLover

      although Holmild’s got a mild success, in the principle he has something new and verifiable, not for energy but for other purposes. Theoretically, muons could exist under 10kV, we simply hadn’t found a way to create those conditions.
      In the continuum of matter to energy, 110MeV/c*c “hot” muon could transition into the 130geV/c*c “cold”-ness, without any disrespect to the “Higg’s” boson.
      Therefore Holmild’s Kaonic discovery could be his misidentification.
      Most likely “heavy/hot” energetic lepton is what he had noticed.
      To many of their disbelief, yes, that could exist in the real universe without the existence of pions. This is to be envisioned in a manner a gas differs from heavier-isotopic plasma, so the hot muon may appear to be a kaon only because the adamancy of the model to reject the energetic muon and seek out the need for kaon (or, shall I call it a need for Nobel prize in a “new” area?)
      To the readers – Rossi is still the leader when it comes to meaningful utility.

      • Steve Savage

        Thanks LL for the last sentence, it is really the only thing I understood 🙂 … Go Rossi!!

      • Zephir

        IMO with respect to cold or even hot fusion the Homlid’s experiments are overshot. They just point to extraordinary effectiveness of low-dimensional collisions, i.e. these ones, where multiple atoms collide along single line in similar way, like the balls in the Astroblaster toy. Whereas the room temperature vibrations are enough for to initiate cold fusion, these highly energetic ones even enable to prepare exotic forms of matter, the existence of which has been limited to expensive and large colliders so far.

        • Axil Axil

          A post from ECCO to Jones Breene on vortex as follows:

          Jones Beene via eskimo.com

          Apr 12 (6 days ago)

          to vortex-l

          Hi Ecco,

          I had not seen this thread, but a few of the details are a bit different from his presentation at the SRI colloquium. For instance he has moved to a different frequency laser. I have my notes here but there should be a video of that speech online, since they were filming it.

          When SO says that adding deuterium which alone will release muons without a pulse – if prior laser pulsing has already loaded the hematite – that is not the same as saying heat alone can power the reaction, because it always requires laser pulsing to load the matrix. After that, even a fluorescent light can trigger it. Is there somewhere he says this can be done without loading the hematite first with UDD? If so, I missed it and the paywalled article is not clear but implies prior loading.

          All of this gives me confidence that it is the coherent photons at the correct frequency which work and I think the reason they work is that hematite is the dielectric and SPP are known to form when photons interact with a dielectric in a resonant way. It is all about SPP and resonance.

          Do you read the Olafsson thread differently?

          BTW the frequency Holmlid apparently uses now is similar to both sodium vapor, which is nearly monochromatic light at 589 nm wavelength. This is important because, as it turns out, hematite also has an emission line which is close to this wavelength. Actually the sodium lamp is closer than the YAG (I think). Anyway, I hope to be posting some pictures soon of a simple setup that is relatively inexpensive. It will take several weeks to determine if there is any thermal anomaly.

          The light source I am using is almost identical to the 35 Watt SOX lamp in the wiki entry but it is rated at 18 Watts, which keeps the internal pressure lower.

          https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sodium-vapor_lamp

          From: Ecco Yumi

          Hi Jones,

          Have a look at this:

          https://www.lenr-forum.com/forum/index.php/Thread/1853-Ask-questions-to-Dr-Sveinn-%C3%93lafsson-Science-Institute-University-of-Iceland/?postID=6358#post6358

          The laser can start the process but just waiting after admitting the D2 gas does the same.

          Also, from “Spontaneous ejection of high-energy particles from ultra-dense deuterium D(0)” (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2015.06.116):

          https://mail.google.com/mail/ca/u/0/?ui=2&ik=409957a091&view=fimg&th=1540c12c8b2e4bab&attid=0.2&disp=emb&attbid=ANGjdJ-C62WZmFpe7gHiV6zl02TKAlulzerXpqeSyvdb6YeYghwCVkmrElAehnaLvJVKvycrKzzGCEbq0044gaAsu2QnvAVBS5KfxX6gf60A3NcA5MutJd7tsDX7Svg&sz=w888-h486&ats=1461008051824&rm=1540c12c8b2e4bab&zw&atsh=1. http://i.imgur.com/nIFBlCv.png

          And for example, from “Muon detection studied by pulse-height energy analysis: Novel converter arrangements” (http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4928109):

          Inline images 1

          Hope this helps. You can post this information on Vortex if you wish.

          Cheers,

          • Zephir

            So in brief, the nuclear reaction is initiated by laser in similar way, like another ones – prof. Olafsson just believes, it’s not heat of laser but direct energy transition in electron orbitals, which initiates the reaction.

    • Axil Axil

      Why isn’t Holmlid not dead from gamma radiation from hit fusion? Please explain.

      • Zephir

        Leif Holmlid himself says, that his gamma decay is thermalized. Friedwardt Winterberg proposed that a large number of deuterons form a “linear-atom” supermolecule. By the Madelung transformation of the Schrödinger equation, the linear deuterium supermolecule can be described by a quantized line vortex. It is conjectured that the latent heat released by the collapse into the ultra-dense state has been misinterpreted as cold fusion. Hot fusion though, is here possible through the fast ignition of a thermonuclear detonation wave from a hot spot made with a 1 kJ 10 petawatt laser pulse in a thin slice of the ultra-dense deuterium.

        The main point of Holmlid finding is IMO in this insight: “why we should lose the unidirectional, i.e. low-dimensional character of laser beam, if we want to use the laser for initiation of fusion”? The so-called inertial fusion utilizes the shock-wave coming from many directions at the same moment, but the coherent character of laser wave enables much more effective transfer and utilization of energy to charged particles, which is similar to so-called table-top accelerators, developed in recent years.

        Why? Because when we heat the deuterons by compression of plasma (no matter if we use tokamak, steralator or laser), then the deuterons gain the speed required for overcoming of Coulomb barrier. But because they move against each other, the time during which they remain in contact also decreases. And by Lawson criterions we need the both: both the temperature, both the time of inertial confinement. Therefore we should not only compress the deuterons each other, but we also shouldn’t heat them very much – and this is just what the traveling EM wave during Holmlid experiments does. The high density of deuteron plasma achieved is the key here – not the high temperature.

        So what the Holmlid fusion and cold fusion have in common? IMO it’s extremely low-dimensional character of particle collisions, which work as a Gauss gun or
        Astroblaster toy and which enable to overcome the Coulomb barrier. Just at the case of cold fusion the character of linear chain collisions gets provided by regular structure of atom lattice, at the case of Holmlid fusion the source of linear wave is the coherent laser ray.

        • Axil Axil

          Holmlid has gotten his reaction to go without a laser. Holmlid just uses heat like Rossi. Now how can that be?

          • Zephir

            Could you provide link?

            IMO you’re confusing at least two experiments: this one with laser which created kaons and this one without laser.

            • Axil Axil

              See post below, I misplaced it.

              • Zephir

                I don’t see any link to Holmlid’s study of cold fusion without laser and/or creating kaons. Could you repeat your link once again? Is it really so difficult to copy&paste link directly to your comment instead of babbling “it’s somewhere else, I misplaced it, you know, I’m unable to provide direct answer to your direct question, blah blah…”