The Road to LENR (Axil Axil)

The following post has been submitted by Axil Axil

On this special day in LENR history, it’s time to step back and look at the big picture. When you are trying to find your way, it’s good to know what road that you are on.

The road to LENR goes through high pressure physics. This specialized field is a very difficult one because the means to experiment in this field takes imagination and luck. But the proof that high pressure chemistry can produce heat from nuclear processes is found beyond any question inside the cores of planets.

If you take a look at the latest data from the Pluto flyby, you can see another cosmologic mystery rear its head that can be well explained by metalized hydrogen and compressed water as a LENR heat source.

http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2015/07/pluto-alive-where-heat-coming

Pluto is alive—but where is the heat coming from?

http://www.space.com/29968-pluto-charon-photos-active-icy-worlds.html

New Photos of Pluto and Moon Surprise, Puzzle Scientists.

There is a tremendous amount of heat coming from the interior of Pluto and its small satellite; so much so, that the surface of Pluto is resurfaced by the eruption of ice from the interior of Pluto. Also there is a constant replenishment of the nitrogen atmosphere of Pluto from the interior.

The standard causes given for planetary heat production do not apply to Pluto, that being heat from the sun, radioactive decay, and friction caused by tidal stretching. Pluto should be a cold dark rock floating alone in outer space without any means of producing energy, but miraculously it does and it does it on its own hook.

Furthermore, there is evidence that other smaller free standing bodies in the Kuiper belt sometimes called the Edgeworth–Kuiper belt, are at the far edge of the solar system are producing their own internal heat.

Ceres is another supposedly frozen world that has a liquid core. That core has produced an ice volcano 3 miles high made of salt from the boiling hot salt sea that rolls under its frozen surface. There are a dozen craters whose bottoms are filling with salt as the water from the salted sea at its core rise to the surface and evaporate into the vacuum of space.

Water Found on Dwarf Planet Ceres, May Erupt from Ice Volcanoes – See more at: http://www.space.com/24366-dwarf-planet-ceres-water-ice-volcanoes.html#sthash.L2eke6gM.dpuf

Many more examples of this mysterious thermal process abound throughout the solar system; although to date most KBOs still appear spectrally featureless due to their faintness, there have been a number of successes in determining their composition. In 1996, Robert H. Brown et al. obtained spectroscopic data on the KBO 1993 SC, revealing its surface composition to be markedly similar to that of Pluto, as well as Neptune’s moon Triton, possessing large amounts of methane ice. Even our moon has a liquid core.

Now being so informed, LENR theory seems to be converging on a special form of metastable hydrogen produced in the fractured lattice of metals. The question remains is what kind of hydrogen are we looking for. The evidence from the heat produced inside these dwarf planets can now well inform are conclusions.

In order to reproduce this nuclear heat source from chemistry, ways that produce the huge pressures inside these cold planets must be found. Experiment over these last 27 years have shown the way to do this seems to lay in nanotechnology and lattice compression of gases inside metal lattice imperfections and of course cavitation.

This new science handmaiden to LENR is not contrary to existing science, it is just new, obscure, and largely unexplored. The naysayers really don’t know everything that the universe can do, but arrogance and the certitude of Know-It-All-ism abounds in human nature.

Axil Axil

  • Axil Axil

    The flow of valance electrons around a trigonal or hexagonal crystal might format photons into a vortex shaped field in the same way that the flow of electrons in a rodin magnetic coil produces a monopole magnetic beam.

    https://qph.is.quoracdn.net/main-qimg-8b009abd227d5ed3dde8639aedb242ae?convert_to_webp=true

    The electron path follows vortex path.

    • Paolo Savaris

      Axil…

      Ok – we are at the point that a vortex shaped field of photons comes from an hexagonal array of atoms. These vortex should be few Angstrom in diameter [1,4 Angstrom is the side of hexagonal rings in graphite crystallographic plane (001)]
      At this point;

      1) Does this shaped field of photons, interfere with the conduction electrons on the surface of the metals, that constitute the bulk of the reactive mix?

      2) Is then possible in your opinion that protons (from Hydrogen) follow the electrons in circular trajectories i.e. in vortex shaped fields? i.e. forming a relatively stable configuration of proton and electron in planar orbits.

      • Axil Axil

        This behavior is one of the most puzzling characteristics of LENR. It leads be to take more serious the view about the fractal nature of reality. The trigonal positions of the valance electrons on the crystal lattice are similar to the topology of the quarks inside the protons and neutrons. The why chemistry can effect nuclear matter is suggestive that there might be a fractal connection between various levels in reality.

        I must get into this fractal view of reality to see if LENR provides any experimental proofs of fractal effects in reality…

        See

        https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fractal_cosmology

        https://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/Physics/Essays/Fedosin/Infinite_Hierarchical_Nesting_of_Matter

        There is also a fractal nature to non-associative quantum theory that comes with the monopole fields and the strong force.

        If there is a connection to all this is unclear.

        • Paolo Savaris

          The vision that you propose is highly speculative; the hypothesis of the extension of fractal topography to the atomic and subatomic reality, intuitively, would result in a force fields (Coulomb and strong interaction fields) not spherical and therefore with the presence of preferential directions (i.e. preferential directions for approaching between medium – heavy nuclei and Hydrogen nuclei) –

          This geometry at nuclear scale, perhaps recall one of the peculiar aspect of the theory proposed by Stoyan Sarg Sargoytchev “Basic Structures of Matter – Supergravitation Unified Theory”.

          • Axil Axil

            There are a few related dots to connect. I beleive that monopole flux tubes cause LENR by destabilizing the proton and neutron in the nucleus. The monopole field is described by non associative quantum mechanics. Quarks are monopole twisters and the strong force are based on monopole flux tubes.

            Twister theory also requires non associative math in its formulation.

            https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twistor_theory

            Fractal reality is a fallout of non associative QM. I have seen evidence in the Lugano report that points to a multi-level uncertainty principle at work producing the Ni62 isotope where energy and neutrons are teleported via the monopole beam via multi particle entanglement,

  • Axil Axil

    http://edoc.hu-berlin.de/dissertationen/samori-paolo-2000-10-24/HTML/objct405.png

    Layer structure of muscovite mica structure: A) Side view; B) Top view: the cleaved plane is the basal plane, composed of hexagonal array of oxygen ions with regular vacancies which are randomly filled with potassium. Unit cell: a= 5.2Å , b=9.0 Å.

    http://edoc.hu-berlin.de/dissertationen/samori-paolo-2000-10-24/HTML/objct406.png

  • builditnow

    The relevance of this is understanding some of the resistance to LENR by scientists.

    I’ve read that neurologist have identified the part of our brains that convinces us humans that we are “right” about our thoughts even in the face of being wrong. http://www.michaelshermer.com/the-believing-brain/

    It’s also clear that us humans have drives to convince others of our beliefs and at the same time resist changing our beliefs.
    The basis of religion perhaps.
    I observe many “scientists” believe in their current NONscience like it is a religion.

    Then there is territorial behavior, when we stake out a “territory” we then try to defend it.
    I observe many “scientists” defending their very expensive and so far unusable hot fusion “territory”. Otherwise known as greed and selfishness.
    Here is some information on how we make “hypocritical” decisions.
    http://lifehacker.com/why-your-brain-makes-hypocritical-decisions-and-what-t-1575615447

    Recently brain scans of hardened psypaths have identified a clear brain pattern.
    About 3% of us have these brains and don’t have empathy. These 3% of us are not bothered by, can even enjoy the suffering of others. Our current systems promote these people to the top of our organizations, political, corporate, religious etc. Many of the 3% act reasonably respectfully. Unfortunately we often promote the worst to the top, perhaps a survival/dominance strategy from the tribal warfare days.
    https://www.google.com/?gws_rd=ssl#q=psychopathic+brain+scan

    Some of us try hard to not trick ourselves into believing NONscience. From direct observation, Alan Goldwater of LENR glowstick “fame”, works hard and effectively at sticking to the science and avoiding the NONscience. Good work Alan.

    • Axil Axil

      Everybody makes generations over a limited data set. This causes a myopic view of theory.

  • Axil Axil

    How do we relate this cosmological insignt to the Rossi reactor?

    One of the interesting characteristics of the Rossi system is how it is partitioned into two stages; a fuel preparation stage and an on-line operational stage.

    As always, the devil is in the details. The purpose of the fuel preparation stage is to produce the special hydrogen form that amplifies the LENR process. Peter Glick has coined the term LENR+, or amplified LENR as opposed to LENR which is the rudimentary weak Surface Plasmon Polariton (SPP) only reaction. The nickel particles are sintered using a DC arc that produces the fractured nickel lattice structure that compresses the hydrogen into the special LENR active form in the on-line stage. The shock wave from the electric arc and the carbon and lithium additives lower the pressure required for metalize hydrogen to form inside the porous nickel lattice.

    After fuel the preparation stage is completed, it is interesting to note that the nickel and hydrogen are not yet LENR active. They remain inactive until they are placed on- line and subjected to heat and other electromagnetic stimulation. It is this stimulative stage that creates the catalytic form that you refer to, the Surface Plasmon Polariton stage.

    This simulative stage produces the Surface Plasmon Polariton covering on the surface of the metalized hydrogen which supports Bose condensation of the hydrogen solid nanoparticle.

    But more generally, there is a characteristic crystal structure that all LENR amplifiers must adhere to, that being the hexagonal structure of graphite.

    On the new E Cat X, Rossi uses a mica sheet separator between the central heater layer and the fueled layer to format the heat photons into a vortex soliton. Other like hexagonal materials used in LENR reactor construction include, iron oxide, Rare earth oxides, alumina, SmCo magnets, quartz, and perovskites.

  • Pekka Janhunen

    One thing which may create activity on Pluto is that nitrogen ice is denser than water ice. They saw water icebergs floating in nitrogen ice. On the other hand, nitrogen ice sublimates almost at Pluto temperature. The nitrogen glacier tends to flow below water ice, which forms the “bedrock” on Pluto, and the pieces of water ice rise to the top. After a while the nitrogen ice may be so deep that it starts to warm up (because of the radiogenic heat flux from inside) and evaporate. Then one might have some sort of cryovolcanism, and the evaporated nitrogen might starts to slowly recondense to the nitrogen glaciers and the process repeats.

  • Michael W Wolf

    Great article Axil. As soon as I read about the heat from Pluto, cold fusion popped in my mind. Can It really be that the sun is not burning out? Or could it just be part of an ever cycling system? I mean they say the sun is getting smaller, but is that a fact or assumption?

    • Axil Axil

      The sun is a liquid

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9TOKo7Ik9f8

      This soured my view of science as a series of unfounded and untested assumptions.

    • bkrharold

      It is definitely losing mass, which it converts into energy, about 4 million tons per second, and it cannot keep on doing that indefinitely.

      • Axil Axil

        Have you asked yourself where the 400 watts of electrons are coming from in Rossi’s E-cat X. You might expect those electrons to run out eventually. But if they continue on coming for years, how could that be possible? Maybe someone could ask Rossi where all those electrons are coming from in his new reactors. Ask him how he can explain how electrons can spring into existence in his theory, Ask him how electrons can come from nothing.

        • Andreas Moraitis

          If you withdraw a current from a source, electrons will flow out from the negative pole, but immediately the same amount will flow into the positive pole. Thus, you do not need an infinite source of electrons.

          • Axil Axil

            A wafer does not have poles. It has a surface that shines like a incandescent light. Its surface produces electrons via the hot cathode effect,

        • bkrharold

          It’s a matter of scale. 4 million tons a second sounds like a lot, but it is tiny when compared to the mass of the sun. The sun will eventually consume all of its hydrogen, and then it will begin creating heavier elements as it approaches its end in about 5 billion years. 400 watts is a small amount of energy, but the ecat seems capable of producing a steady output over several months. The Lugano test created 1.5MWh of energy from approximately 1g of Nickel over a period of several months.

  • Zephir

    /*Pluto is alive—but where is the heat coming from? */

    It could originate from radioactive decay – potassium and another elements. Without data based calculations it’s just speculation about speculations..

    /*LENR theory seems to be converging on a special form of metastable hydrogen produced in the fractured lattice of metals*/

    What proves it? The planets with no metal lattices?