Hexagonal Crystals and LENR (Axil Axil)

The following post was submitted by Axil Axil

I contend that the central cause of LENR is superconductive monopole magnetization.

What underpins the strong force (the color force) is monopole magnetism in a superconductive context. Certain hard to produce chemical base crystal arrangements can produce this superconductive monopole magnetism. This class of chemical compounds when formatted in a hexagonal nanoparticle size might disrupt the strong force and the various subatomic particles that depend on that strong force.

A concept that flow out of that assumption is how a monopole magnetic field can be produced by that hexagonal crystal structure. An analog of the hexagonal crystal structure is through the topology of the Rodin coil. This coil forces an electron current to follow is vortex based path that generates a monopole magnetic field.

This type coil gives insight that allows us to connect monopole magnetism with the concept of hexagonal based photon flow and a resultant magnetic toroid with produces a monopole beam when photons follow a vortex path.

The first insight into the hexagonal magic produced by some crystals that might support LENR was first revealed by the Water crystal produced in the extreme heat and pressure of the collapsing cavitation bubble. LeClair has done a great deal of detailed research into the nature and properties of this microcrystal. The next example is the graphite like crystal structure that the hydrogen atoms take on under extreme pressure and heat. But Leif Holmlid shows us that heat and pressure are not required to form graphite like hexagonal structures in chemical compounds. A template of potassium and/or lithium can aid in the formation of these LENR active shapes. Lithium for example can reduce the heat and pressure needed to form hydrogen in a hexagonal format by 400%.

The next revelation comes from the 12 square inch wafer that powers Rossi’s patented reactor. It is striking that Rossi uses mica as a separator between his centrally located heater and the fuel layers that are positioned on either side of the heater. Mica has a hexagonal crystal structure identical to graphite and is a strong dielectric.

The way that the phonon process works in this wafer is as follows: The high heat up to 1400C that he Rossi wafer heater layer produces generates Surface Plasmon Polaritons (SPP). The SPPs pass through the EMF transparent white hot steel cover of the heater layer and are reformatted by the regular crystal structure of the heat resistant mica to produce vortex motion of these heater generated infrared photons. These photons form a toroid based circulation pattern that correspond with the mica crystal patterns. This crystal filters the photons as they pass through the mica layer. Many photon based toroidal circulations can combine as toroid’s tend to do into a few larger photonic toroids.

Muscovite (also known as common mica,isinglass, or potash mica[4]) is a highly oxygenated phyllosilicate mineral of aluminum and potassium with formula KAl2(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2, or (KF)2(Al2O3)3(SiO2)6(H2O) might work in a similar way to Lief Holmlid’s iron oxide catalyst doped with potassium and graphite.

http://www.thisoldearth.net/Muscovite%20Crystal%20Structure.gif

Surfaces held together by relatively weak bonds, such as those between repeated parallel layers of a crystal, will tend to break more easily than those held together by strong bonds. The tendency of a mineral to break along these flat parallel surfaces is known as cleavage. This can best be seen in the atomic model of the muscovite mica crystal below.

Crystal Structure of Muscovite
Notice the lack of bonds between the large yellow atoms (representing potassium) and the layers of highly bonded silica tetrahedra, aluminum, and hydroxide ions.

The number and strength of bonds between the silica, aluminum, and hydroxide ions make those layers much stronger. Therefore, muscovite mica is much more likely to break along the layers that only contain the weakly bonded potassium ions. This results in 1 excellent cleavage plane of mica. This cleavage is observed in the ability to peel sheets of mica.

The mica might convert hydrogen into the Rydberg matter form by using loosely bound potassium in the mica as a quantum mechanical template within the fuel layer of the wafer.

The advantage that mica has is that is has a regular hexagonal crystal structure that will produce many billions of plasmid Nano photonic structures that induce the creation of Rydberg hydrogen matter. It is possible to find a single monolithic square foot sheet of mica that is a pure and regular photonic filter that can cover the heater/fuel wafer interface.

In this other possible example as follows:

There are English subtitles.

1.5 COP noted at one point.

TiH2 used for hydrogen production. 2 to 2.5 COP noted later. They are not using powder, but attribute the excess heat to the nickel wire used.

http://www.eurvi.com/modification-e-cat-proof-of-generating-excess-heat_57c4f0026.html

One reason why the LENR reaction is active in this experiment is because quartz was used as the enclosure. Quartz is a hexagonal crystal. As noted above, this shape crystal is friendly to the LENR reaction.

Could the mica in the Rossi wafer be possibly replaced with quartz?

Axil Axil

  • Axil Axil

    Reference:

    http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/01/160118134930.htm

    Quantum knots are real

    Holmlid has found that Rydberg hydrogen matter is superconductive and also demonstrates the meissner effect. From nanoplasmonics, we also know that surface plasmon polaritons(SPP) will always formed on the surface of a long nano-string type nanoparticles and might well provide this superconductive nature to the rydberg matter via Bose Condensation. Knotted vortex circulation of photons in SPPs that are trapped in a photonic locked vortex circulation in a topological plasmoid could produce an effective analog monopole capable of destabilizing subatomic particles as seen in Holmlid experiments. The energy storage mechanism that absorbs energy from either a LENR based positive feedback loop or stimulation that comes from heat, laser or arc discharge might entail the addition of additional photonic quantum knots in a plasmoid circulation. Like in any coil, we can always add more wire windings to a coil. So to with quantum knots, there is always room for more.

    See the article below to understand why a monopole will disrupt quark processes inside protons and neutrons which result in the production of mesons:

    http://www.npl.washington.edu/AV/altvw01.html

  • Zephir

    /* I contend that the central cause of LENR is superconductive monopole magnetization*/

    The e-catworld shouldn’t present private speculations of anonymous users without any reference, which clearly belong into a comment section and nowhere else. This hypothesis has no both experimental indicia, both testable predictions – it’s untestable tautological speculation. Not to say, the “superconductive monopole magnetization” is physical nonsense – the magnetic field kills the superconductivity and no monopoles were ever observed during it.

    https://imgs.xkcd.com/comics/string_theory.png

  • Axil Axil

    In the Lugano test, the heater wires were visible as dark shadows on a brighter core background. There is evidence that another substance like silicon dioxide aerogel (quartz) held the fuel in place to distribute the fuel evenly over the core volume.

    This core filler might be based on the hexagonal crystal material’s ability to be the hottest material used to generate the LENR reaction.

    • Ecco

      It’s fun to speculate, but could you post links to substantiated evidence that a silica aerogel was used in Lugano? There’s also the problem that silicon dioxide decomposes into SiO and H2O at temperatures > 1000 °C in a hydrogen atmosphere.

      http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0022459674900929

      https://books.google.com/books?id=aA3vCAAAQBAJ&pg=PA150&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false
      http://i.imgur.com/tJTF5t2.png

      • Axil Axil

        Thanks for the feedback…

        Page 45 of the Lagano report particle 2 is an oxide of silicon, most probably the dioxide. Silicon was not found in the fuel assay. Where did the silicon come from? It could have been a transmutation product.

        I am looking for a hexagonal crystal structure refractory foam to hold the fuel load. Quartz might not be the best.

        The better candidates include silicon carbide, tungsten carbide, and boron nitride.

        Cook says that tungsten was present and a part of the Lugano test. This opens the possibility that tungsten carbide was used as the foam fuel holder. Because of particle 2, Silicon carbide is also in play.

        Boron nitride is the least likely.

        I now believe that the monolithic hexagon based crystal foam material will host the greatest heat production processes inside the reactor. This idea comes from the behavior of mica is various LENR experiments.

        See

        http://www.e-catworld.com/2016/01/16/hexagonal-crystals-and-lenr-axil-axil/

        The shadow of the heater coil might indicate that the hexagonal crystal based foam fuel holder is the hottest part of the Lugano reactor.

        I also believe that the hexagonal crystal structure will provide a quantum mechanical template for the formation of Rydberg hydrogen matter. A high temperature refractory material that holds that crystal structure even at 1500C is important to the formation of rydberg hydrogen.

        If my thinking needs adjustment, please let me know.

  • Axil Axil

    IMHO, generalization from wisps is how learning about LENR must be done. A shadow here or a bright spot there could make all the difference.

  • Axil Axil

    Iron oxide in the Rhombohedral, hR30 (α-form) is hexagonal.

    https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/76/Hexagonal_latticeR.svg/300px-Hexagonal_latticeR.svg.png

    This iron oxide catalyst is used by Holmlid in his process.

  • Andreas Moraitis

    Axil, how would a detector for magnetic monopoles look like? How would conventional radiation detectors react if they were hit by monopoles?

    • Axil Axil

      All the various and sundry miracles of LENR are a direct fallout of the behavior of the Exotic Neutral Particle (ENP) that is the causative factor in LENR and the monopole magnetic field that it generates. This special type of magnetism has been a study and an obsession of science for over a century. Many main stream scientific theories are incomplete because these theories require that monopoles must exist. Therefore, much experimental effort has been expended in science to find these monopoles. The monopole is fundamental to the consistency of string theory. Joseph Polchinski, a string-theorist, described the existence of monopoles as “one of the safest bets that one can make about physics not yet seen.”

      Theory requires the monopole to be the electric charge’s magnetic cousin, but unlike the positive or negative charges of the electric field, north or south poles of the magnetic field always occur together in what’s called a dipole. A lone north or south pole simply doesn’t show up in the real world. Even if you take a bar magnet and cut it in half down the middle, you won’t get a separate north and south pole, but two new but smaller dipole magnets instead.

      Physicists love symmetry: for symmetry-minded theorists, however, it’s required that there should be a magnetic equivalent of charge. String theories and grand unified theories rely on existence of the monopole, and its absence undermines the mathematical feng-shui of the otherwise elegant Maxwell’s equations that govern the behavior of electricity and magnetism. What’s more, the existence of a magnetic monopole would explain another mystery of physics: why charge is quantized; that is, why it only seems to come in tidy packets of about 1.602×10–19 coulombs, the charge of an electron or proton.

      From the derivation of the Dirac equations, a quantity known as the Dirac quantization condition must exist. The hypothetical existence of a magnetic monopole would imply that the electric charge must be quantized in certain units; also, the existence of the electric charges implies that the magnetic charges of the hypothetical magnetic monopoles, if they exist, must be quantized in units inversely proportional to the elementary electric charge.

      For many decades, scientists have kept a sharp eye out for the required monopole, but perhaps they were looking in the wrong place and in the wrong ways. “They were literally hoping it would fall from sky,” Zhang says as a product of cosmic rays. The notion isn’t as far-fetched as it seems—our world is constantly bombarded by weird particles showering from far-off cosmic events, and magnetic monopoles could very well show up as part of that rain. Some enterprising physicists installed loops of superconducting material on their rooftops. If anything remotely like a magnetic monopole fell through, the loops, being sensitive to magnetic fluctuations, would register it.

      But in these modern times and more than 30 years of searching, science has not been able to conclusively detect this particle. But once in a great while, their meters detect something that could be a monopole.

      Accelerator experiments at CERN have been no more successful, leading scientists believe existing monopoles must be far too heavy to create in even the Large Hadron Collider. The monopole is projected to be extremely heavy, too massive for any accelerator to create.

      Interestingly, Zhang’s magnetic monopole didn’t fall from the heavens; instead, it was leading a quiet life on the other side of a mirror, but a mirror made of a very special type of alloy. What’s more, says Zhang, the math to prove the effect is very clear. “You could give the last part of the mathematical derivation as a final exam in a junior or senior year undergraduate physics class.”

      “Exotic particles such as the magnetic monopole, dyon, anyon, and the axion have played fundamental roles in our theoretical understanding of quantum physics,” Zhang writes in one of his papers. “Experimental observation of these exotic particles in table-top condensed matter systems could finally reveal their deep mysteries.” The generation of Quasiparticles in condensed matter physics could provide a new experimental outlet for high-energy physicists. “You don’t have to look towards the cosmos,” Zhang says. “I think we’ll see more of the beautiful mathematical structures of high-energy physics become realized in condensed matter physics.”

      I believe that these monopole quasiparticles are being produced in in condensed matter systems. There is a major branch of LENR theoretical thought that embraces the monopole as causative in the LENR reaction. The behavior of matter under the influence of a monopole magnetic field opens up a strange new world of quantum interactions.

      Like Qi, the LENR monopole rides the wind and scatters, but is retained when encountering water. The matter under the influence of a monopole field obeys different quantum rules than ordinary magnetic fields. This new type of undeveloped and extremely complex quantum science is called Nonassociative Quantum Mechanics. The miracles of LENR are derived from and are a result of the behavior of these types of new quantum interaction.

      LENR experimentalists can provide theoretical common grounds with orthodox physics by showing that the active LENR agent is a monopole. This can be done by using the various devices invented over these past decades by orthodox science to detect primary particle unitary monopoles. These devices will describe the properties of these monopole quasiparticles produced by condensed matter physics such as their mass, kinetic energy and half-life.

      How can this be done? Monopoles have been detected in experiments involving exploding titanium foil and the Proton 21 experiments. Other candidate monopole based LENR experiments are the poly-neutron andErzion experiments and a monopole detector could show that these exploding foils produce monopoles. More generally, Keith Fredericks has detected monopole like tracks produced in photoemissions coming from every class of LENR experiment.

      See

      http://restframe.com/rf/home.html

      The Holmlid experiments are a prime candidate for monopole production.

      The Rossi type reactor is at the top of the list as a monopole source.

      One apparatus for monopole detection is described in the following:

      A Magnetic Monopole Detector with Sensitivity to Extremely Small Magnetic Charge

      http://www.slac.stanford.edu/cgi-wrap/getdoc/slac-pub-3960.pdf

      There is the superconductor loop method used by Blas Cabrera

      http://www.physics.princeton.edu/~mcdonald/examples/EP/cabrera_prl_48_1378_82.pdf

      This superconductor based experiment may not be that difficult to carry out. The accumulated magnetic charge of the LENR type monopole might be so massive as amplified by LENR nano-engineering that superconductivity might not be required to detect the passage of the monopole through the coil.

      There is another tool that can be used to characterize magnetic behavior in LENR. Rossi as well as his replicators can explore the magnetic fields that are produced by the E-Cat by using the Faraday Effect

      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Faraday_effect

      In a how to do it example as follows:

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F0yjMvSmQm4

      The use of Rydberg matter is a major subject in LRNR at this current juncture.

      But the magic in Rydberg matter is not in the molecules themselves but how the molecules reformate EMF input to produce magnetic monopoles. The graphite like staking of long stings of hexagon shaped plates produces EMF monopole magnetic projections. Water crystals have the same string like structure of stacked graphite like plates and produce the same LENR results even though these water molecules feature both oxygen and hydrogen. These water crystals are the active agents in the production of analog monopoles in cavitation.

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jZeHFNWFElk

      Making Monopoles in the Lab

      This is a good find. The method to produce an analog magnetic monopole is to get all the spins of the members of the condensate to point in the same direction and overlap. The Surface Plasmon Polariton is such a quantum spin liquid that forms a spin condensate where all the spins of the polaritons overlap. This SPP produces a monopole magnetic field in simulation of a fundamental unitary monopole.

      Dualism in physics says that two apparently dissimilar things actually behave in the same way. For example, there is a dualism between the nuclear processes inside a star and the processes inside a deuterium pellet imploding under the compressive force of a burst from a huge laser. Even if the star is huge and the pellet is small, this difference in size does not impact the behavior of the two apparently disparate systems. If such a dualism shared between these two cases exists, the laws that govern the essential behavior of the star and the pellet star also apply to the processes of interest going on inside the crushed and compressed deuterium pellet.

      The dualism between a analogue magnetic monopole and the fundamental unitary monopole says that the two systems behave in the same way and obey the same mathematical formulations.

      This property of dualism requires that the predictions that come out of string theory describing how monopoles behave will also apply to the analog monopoles produced in LENR.

      Regards,

      • Andreas Moraitis

        Thanks for your comprehensive answer. Nevertheless, if it should turn out that monopoles are involved in LENR there would likely be endless discussions about safety and possible weaponization. Thus, one might prefer to go without them, even if the theory looks intriguing.

        • Axil Axil

          These plasmoid based weapons exist and are about to be deployed. No cold fusion required.

  • Axil Axil

    Reference:

    https://www.facebook.com/MartinFleischmannMemorialProject/posts/852181861479181

    Then we found out that Celani was getting higher apparent excess by having fine borosilicate/mica strapped next to his wires.

  • Axil Axil

    Reference:

    http://www.ludkow.info/cf/406bio_alchemy.pdf

    Observations
    From 1935 Kervran [28] collected facts and performed experiments, which showed that transmutations of chemical
    elements do indeed occur in living organisms. It started when he investigated fatal accidents from carbon monoxide
    poisoning when none was detectable in the air. Next he analysed why Sahara oilfield workers excreted a daily average
    of 320 mg more calcium than they ingested without decalcification occurring.
    Kervran pointed out that the ground in Brittany contained no calcium; however, every day a hen would lay a perfectly
    normal egg, with a perfectly normal shell containing calcium. The hens eagerly pecked mica from the soil, and mica
    contains potassium. It appears that the hens may transmute some of the potassium into calcium.

  • Axil Axil

    Reference:

    http://www.francescocelanienergy.org/files/Art.ICCF19_100915H3_Aggiornato.pdf

    Hottest temperature found on the mica support.

  • Axil Axil

    http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com/blog/spontaneous-voltage-constantan-wires/

    Mica used in sucessful experiment- the effect of spontaneous generation of a potential difference, or voltage, found in Constantan wires by Francesco Celani

    http://www.ecat-thenewfire.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/Reactor_Celani.jpg

    Photo of the small, dissipation type, transparent reactor operating at INFN-LNF. The volume is about 250cc. The 2 wires, reference and active, are rounded on a mica support. The thermocouples are Type K, SS screened (diameter 1.5 millimeter).

  • Axil Axil

    Reference:

    http://pages.csam.montclair.edu/~kowalski/cf/246vysotskii.html

    A sheet of mica near a radioactive source changes the gamma decay probability

    A year before announcing the microbial effect on 137Cs, Vysotskii and his colleagues (from Moscow State University) made another announcement. That was at the 10th International Conference on Cold Fusion (ICCF10, August 2003). Their paper, entitled “The theory and experimental investigation of controlled spontaneous conversion nuclear decay of radioactive isotopes,” can be downloaded from the library at . Let me summarize the experimental part of that interesting paper.

    A radioactive source — 57Co — (T=257 days decaying into 57Fe by K-capture) — was placed in front of a detector. Gamma rays of energies of 136.4 keV, 122 keV and 14.4 keV, emitted from the 57Fe nuclei (T=1 nsec) were recorded. There is nothing new about this; the energy diagram of the decay process is shown below.

    I can easily imagine three gamma ray peaks in a multichannel analyzer. What is new and interesting is the effect thin mica sheets on relative intensities of the peaks. The authors discovered that the ratios of peak intensities can be changed by introducing a 50-microns-thin mica sheet into the region between the source and the detector. Labeling the areas below the peaks as N14, N122 and N136 they characterized the effect of mica by the ratio R, defines as N14.4/(N122+N136). By changing the distance X, between the source and the mica sheet, they discovered that, R depends on X, as illustrated below.

    http://pages.csam.montclair.edu/~kowalski/cf/246figure2.jpg

    Unfortunately, no bars of errors were assigned to individual data points and nothing was stated about reproducibility of results. For example, is R always equal to 0.82 when X=250 microns? And is R always equal to 0.88 when X=420 microns? I will assume that observations were reproducible and that the error bars were “too small to be shown.” To give the authors all benefits of my doubt, I will also assume that control experiments were performed to show that equivalent screens made from other materials had negligible effect on the values of R at different X.

    Taking these assumptions for granted I tentatively accept the main claim of the paper: “In these experiments we discovered an inhibition of the conversion channel for nuclear decay by 7–10%, and a change (increase) of the total lifetime for the radioactive 57Fe* isotope by 6–9%, at the optimal size X of the slot, in relation to spontaneous decay in free space without the thin mica crystal.”

    P.S.
    This mica screening effect on 57Fe is not as strong as the bacterial effect on 137Cs. But each of these effects, if confirmed by other researchers, will show that the prevailing point of view has only a limited validity. Emission of gamma rays is a nuclear effect and ability of influencing it by screening the source with a thin sheet of mica (a mono-crystal) is not consistent with the prevailing point of view. How can a crystal, situated hundreds of microns from the atomic nuclei of the source influence what happens in the nuclei? To answer this question one should be able to understand the theoretical part of the paper. Unfortunately, i do not understand it, due to my very limited background in theoretical physics. But I would very much like to know what theoretical physicists think about the paper. By skimming the first part of the paper I notice that the explanation is based, among other things, on the concept of “zero-energy.” The authors claim that experimental results confirm their theory.

  • Axil Axil

    Here is the image of mica that is refered to in the text of this post above as follows:

    http://www.thisoldearth.net/Muscovite%20Crystal%20Structure.gif

  • Axil Axil

    See

    http://www.mindat.org/system_search.php?g=18

    Minerals in the Hexagonal crystal system, Dihexagonal Pyramidal class (6mm)

    Bromellite
    Buseckite
    Cadmoselite
    Calcioburbankite
    Catamarcaite
    Demartinite
    Ferrohögbomite-2N2S
    Ferrotaaffeite-2N’2S
    Graphite
    Greenockite
    Grootfonteinite
    Halamishite
    Iodargyrite
    Iseite
    Jedwabite
    Lukechangite-(Ce)
    Magnesiohögbomite-2N2S
    Majindeite
    Orcelite
    Rambergite
    Rogermitchellite
    Sanrománite
    Swedenborgite
    Wurtzite
    Yarlongite
    Zincite
    Zincohögbomite-2N2S
    Zincohögbomite-2N6S

    • Fly101

      It’s a bit hard for me to understand the physics, but maybe I can provide another little pebble on this. Are you aware of transmutation effects found in rocks under high pressure by Dr Carpinteri in Turin? He found granite exibit transmutations and neutron emissions, and granite contains mica…