How to Boost LENR — A Few Suggestions for Nickel Hydrogen Systems (Birger Johannson, Heliorite AB)

The following paper has been submitted by Birger Johannson of Heliorite AB, a Swedish technology development company which is engaged in R&D in the field of LENR science.

http://heliorite.com/LENR/Ni-H-LENR-Suggestions-2015-11-13-Heliorite.pdf

[pdf]http://heliorite.com/LENR/Ni-H-LENR-Suggestions-2015-11-13-Heliorite.pdf[/pdf]
  • Gerard McEk

    I just wonder why Heliorite does this.
    Loading the Nickel is surely something that should be tried. This is in line with many findings in the PdD LENR tests. Loading using an oxidizing/reducing process is new for me, I would have thought that the evacuation and soaking in a H2 atmosphere would be the method. Limiting the amount of ‘fuel’ is a good idea from safety point of view, but makes it perhaps more difficult to measure excess heat.
    My additional suggestions would be:
    1. Use a three phase heating element. The voltage difference between the coil turns are much higher. At elevated temperatures the aluminia tube starts to conduct and due to te much higher voltage between the coils currents start to run in the alumina tube and the fuel. I am sure this has a positive effect on enhancing LENR.
    2. Use a three phase power source capable of high very short (100 A) and high voltages (500 V) square wave pulses and high frequencies (10 kHz).
    3. Ensure that the coil makes contact (mechanical and electrical) with the aluminia reactor tube.

    • Warthog

      What loading using an oxidizing/reducing process gets you is increased surface granularity (microcracks and such). There is much evidence that more roughness increases the likelihood of formation of the NAE geometry, whatever it proves to be when fully understood.

      I am still of the opinion that Schwartz and Miley have the right idea….disperse the Ni (or Pd) in a Zr(OH)? solution. Evaporate to dryness. Grind to appropriate particle size, then first oxidize to form a stable Zirconium oxide matrix, and reduce with hydrogen to yield metallic metal nanoparticles within the zirconia matrix. This eliminates the possibility of having the metal nanoparticles “agglomerate”, and lose their ability to act as NAE elements.

      In Miley’s case, his work shows that such a system forms NAE’s at much lower temperatures than Rossi’s, with excess heat generation starting spontaneously at room temperature as soon as hydrogen is introduced.

      • Gerard McEk

        Wonderful, thanks! I had not read that before. I hope that maney others will add to this thread.

      • mcloki

        IF this is true. This is an incredible discovery. Even if it just is used as a heating source this changes everything in home and building heating.

    • Sanjeev

      The oxidation/reduction process seems to be only a fuel preparation method. The loading can happen once that is done.

      If passing current inside the fuel is of importance then one can simply attach two electrodes in contact with the fuel and do that easily (and directly).

      • Ted-X

        Passing the induced current, without contact with the electrodes, is what I would recommend. It would require a toroidal reactor (working as a short-circuited secondary coil) of a transformer (the welding-machine type primary coil). Inductive heating with the grid frequency will then do the passing of the current and heating at the same time.
        ———————–
        I also suggest cryogenic pre-treatment of micron-sized nickel particles (it changes the crystalline structure of any metal; liquid nitrogen, 48 hrs).

        • blanco69

          Interesting point on cryogenic pre-treatment. Woud you not expect any structure changes to be reversed under heating?

    • Agaricus

      Agreed – oscillating EM fields are almost certainly critical. In the LT type e-cats such fields were apparently supplied by a separate coil carrying particular waveforms under the control of the ‘black box’. In the HT (Lugano) device, Rossi seems to have dispensed with separate induction coils and probably (as you appear to suggest) used the heater windings for that purpose. It is also possible that he built the reactors to certain critical internal dimensions that allowed a resonance effect to build standing waves internally, so the applied field acted to ‘pump’ this effect in a manner analogous to a laser.

      He has probably refined the input waveform considerably to the point where it can be applied by superimposing an appropriate signal onto any heating input required, but in the absence of his knowledge, replicators may need to use a ‘brute force’ approach by testing a wide range of frequencies at high power levels. This may be best executed by using a separate inductance coil to provide a controlled EM input entirely separate from the heater windings, in the same way as for the LT type.

  • Pekka Janhunen

    Taking these with a grain of salt… for example, I’m sure many wouldn’t consider helium production as a problem. Lugano produced a lot of excess heat and presumably must have produced the corresponding amount of helium also, yet the reaction wasn’t poisoned.

    • Ged

      And as hellium increases, hydrogen has to be decreasing, so really it’s just a running out of fuel effect.

      • Ecco

        Francesco Celani observed, following calibration procedures (initially performed with helium), that helium can clog up adsorption sites and thus reduce potential excess heat generation later on. I guess this why the document is saying that it can poison the reaction.

        • blanco69

          Indeed. Brillouin’s whole process revolves around Hellium production via electron capture.

  • Sanjeev

    As the doc says, its all based on “simulations and studies of papers”, so I’m guessing that no actual experiments were performed so far. There are indications that they are looking for funding.
    Anyway, good to see one more company coming forward in the lenr arena.

  • Ecco

    It looks like somebody read my mind and summarized his findings into this document.

    • Mats002

      Your mind – and others – are all over this and a few other web sites 😉