Superradiance and Blowouts (Axil Axil)

The following post was submitted by Axil Axil.

Regarding the announcement of the replication attempts made by Igor Stepanov et al: “After three trials with fast destruction of the cell due to uncontrollable overheating, at June 19, 2015 it was succeed to obtain constant function of the cell with excess heat observed.”

One of the major issues that face the replicators of the Lugano experiment deals with destruction of the reactor as a result of a massive production of power at the onset of the LENR reaction that has been called a “blowout”. The question arises as follows: What produces these blowouts and how can they be avoided?

The Quantum mechanical theory of LENR (QMLT) provides guidance as to the cause and solution to this issue. To start off, it has been observed in the analysis of the fuel from the Lugano report that large aggregations of nickel particles form as a consequence of electrostatic attraction between 5 micron nickel particles. A nickel particle aggregation of up to 100 microns in size is formed in the fuel sometimes before the LENR reaction fires off.

The QMLT explains that this large super nickel particle aggregation forms of Bose Einstein Condensate of SPPs that are coherent and entangled with the atoms of hydrogen that surround the Nickel particle aggregation (NPA). The NPA acts as a single system as if it were a superatom that was 100 microns in size.

When the LENR reaction begins, the entire NPA acts in unison and a global Fusion reaction happens to all the nickel atoms throughout the NPA. The same fusion reaction happens to each and every nickel atom in the same way and at the same time. The NPA produces a combined instantaneous power spike from and every nickel atom no matter if the atom was Ni58 or N60 an so on. All the nickel atoms instantaneously become Ni62 in a single global unitary nuclear reaction. This single reaction is why only Ni62 is seen in the ash of the NPA. This is called super radiance.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superradiance

The energy production from all the millions of nickel atoms happen at the same time and produce an enormous amount of heat. This destroys the NPA and the reactor structure near it.

The solution to possibly avoiding this fusion explosion is to reduce the size of the NPA to a 5 micron size and spread the zone of the lenr reaction over a large volume. That is, to insure that the nickel particles are distributed over and throughout a very large volume. The goal is to avoid global entanglement at startup and postpone it untile the reaction has matured. This might be done by placing the nickel particles inside a metal foam mesh to keep them from moving together under the influence of electrostatic attraction. The nickel form mesh will dissipate the static charge that usually aggregates free moving particles.

Axil Axil

  • Axil Axil

    As Ed Storms rightly states, the LENR reaction is a surface reaction. But at the same time, a 100 micron nickel particle was almost completely transmuted into Ni62. This proves that LENR reaction “acts at a distance”. The LENR reaction has a very long range of at least 50 microns demonstrated at Lugano that is not interfered with or affected by matter that is interposed between the cause of the reacion and the effect of the reaction. That reach can extend even further.

    If the mechanism of the unitary reaction acting on an aggrogation of atoms involves Quantum Mechanical entanglement in a magnetic field, all atoms that participate in the reaction must be in the same QM state…they must be identical. That means these atoms must all be identically nickel.

    The LENR reaction is catalystic in nature. A steal rod is not a catalyst.

  • Axil Axil
    • GordonDocherty

      Dear Axil,

      so, a “black hole” is not a space-time hole at all, but a vortex so intense it splits matter (protons, neutrons, etc) into more fundamental elements such as quarks – a quark soup – or more fundamental building blocks (depending on the “shredding strength” of the vortex), that are then organized and ejected as a “beam” perpendicularly to the centre of the vortex – where upon these “essences of matter” start to recombine into recognizable proton / neutron / electron units that further combine into light nuclei under the intense “heat and pressure” in the ejection beam – I understand that black holes are known to “rotate” inward on themselves, resembling rather a vortex (or grooves on an old vinyl record that cause a needle in contact to track inward) than a fast spinning disc or wheel – after all, a fast spinning disc or wheel would simply fly apart. When the (dissociating) elements reach the centre of the vortex and the point where the vortex turns back out on itself, the elements are ejected up/down perpendicular to the spinning vortex

      LENR, then, establishes the conditions for monatomic (“singleton”) hydrogen nucleii, already constrained within e-m wells in the crystal lattice and set to rotate and vibrate in unison with other H nuclei close by (perhaps as they proceed into vortices) to line up and enter vortices established by spinning (electron induced) e-m fields interacting with “Casimir scale” defects in the same crystal lattice, possibly as a result of sudden phononic jolts / kicks causing the lattice to abruptly deform, pinching the in-situ e-m field in a way that starts it to rotate, gain speed / strength and (somehow) set up an accelerating vortex (much like a hurricane out at sea) that eventually collapses in on itself – constricting the elements within and causing them to self organize and gain/lose energy as they do so, ultimately destroying the vortex that created them, quenching further activity until the next vortex comes along…. and leaving plenty of smaller nuclei – or neutrons ready to bind with neighbouring atoms in the lattice.

      At least, that is how I understand you see one of the main mechanisms that may be at work in LENR – interesting, especially as it dovetails in with Nanospire / Mark LeClair’s re-entrant cavitation-based fusion work on a larger scale that, due to the larger nature of the formed structures, allows for elemental particles to combine all the way up the scale to Californium, and release plenty of very measurable radiation along the way.

      If I have understood this correctly, then such a mechanism is a very good candidate for LENR, and fits in very nicely with effects seen up to the scale of super-massive black holes… so rather deflating the claim that “LENR effects” are not seen in nature!

      Of course, before the otherwise inevitable panic sets in, it is a vortex mechanism, but not as it is seen in its largest and most powerful form of galaxy-eating black holes, but rather in a mild, safe, form, more like a “nano-hurricane” forming around imperfections in the nano-scaled nickel lattice that poses no existential threat to Earth whatsoever…

  • Axil Axil

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YyMYcqxuZ_I

    Prof. Daniele Faccio: “Black Holes, With A Twist” – Inaugural Lecture

    The “Dark Mode” SPP soliton that produces the power involved in E-Cat LENR is really a rotating Black Hole for light. This is a real black hole including the Hawking radiation mechanism that radiates ½ of the vacuum energy extracted from virtual photons to the far field and absorbs the other ½ fraction of the vacuum energy to amplify and add to the energy contained in the soliton. Once light enters the soliton, it does not come out. The beam that projects out of the soliton is amplified by a process called Penrose Superradiance. These light based solitons have be generated using lasers. Waves of Hawking radiation have also been observed.

  • Sergiu

    Isn’t this the recipe for cheap and “clean” fusion bombs (if effect is amplified) ? With all the good LENR might bring, I’m worried what would be the other extreme…

    • Axil Axil

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p2tuk31pS2M

      Joe Papp invented an LENR based explosive that ripped apart a 5/8 stainless steal tube using a few drops of his fuel.

      See 8:33 in the video.

    • GordonDocherty

      A ‘fusion bomb’ – don’t worry, as these are surface effects that melt the lattice that stops the reaction (think Earth’s surface versus whole volume of the Earth) – and aggregation of nickel particles does not lead to a critical fissionable mass either… 🙂