A Theory to Address the Mysteries of LENR (Axil Axil)

The following post was submitted by Axil Axil

The greatest mystery associated with LENR and the hardest question to answer is how nuclear energy production can occur without gamma ray emissions and unstable isotope production. This most puzzling behavior of the LENR reaction could well be explained by a newly discovered but experimentally verified Quantum mechanical protocol called Quantum Energy Teleportation(QET)

QET is a process where energy is transfered between to particles through the vacuum using quantum entanglement in a many bodied system.

QET requires two conditions to hold; first the sender of the energy and the receiver of the energy must be entangled with each other, second, the energy must be produced by the sender and received by the receiver.

First, we will talk about how high energy entanglement happens. Quantum Mechanics(QM) is impervious to common sense. The most counter intuitive principle that confuses us is how a very hot and energetic environment can exist in a state of coherence, entanglement, and Bose condensation.

But first, let us understand how the vacuum works.

This perception is universal among all of us; we think that only gases cooled to temperatures near absolute zero can be coherent and entangled. So how can such an uniform and stable environment be produced at the roiling and searing temperatures that vaporize metal.

Such an unexpected condition is a direct result of the prime rules in QM, the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principal (HUP). The HUP is a fundamental theory in quantum mechanics that defines why a scientist cannot measure multiple quantum variables simultaneously. This rule states that the energy of a particle and its position are tied together.

Quantum uncertainty has real effects on things. Early on, Heisenberg offered an observer effect at the quantum level as a physical explanation of quantum uncertainty. As time rolled on, it became clear that the uncertainty principle is inherent in the properties of all wave-like systems, and that it arises in quantum mechanics simply due to the combined matter wave nature of all quantum objects; In other words, that is everything in our world. The uncertainty principle actually defines a fundamental property of quantum systems. It is a physical explanation of reality and is not a statement about the observational success of current technology. In order to understand LENR, we must look on the subatomic world as waves and waves have a long reach that can extend a long way.

First, let us talk about the vacuum and how the excitation of the vacuum changes the nature of the vacuum. See the section of the reference starting on page 12 at the bottom of page 12 until we get to the end of section two.


The HUP is real in its nature. This protocol actually defines what happens to a particle as a result of energy added to the vacuum. Usually, when the particle is restricted to a small space, its energy goes up. Think of a particle as a tiger. When given a wide plain to relax in, it finds a tree to lay under where it stays put. But is that tiger is put in a small cage, the nervous animal paces back and forth trying to find a way out. But the converse is also true. Strange enough, when the energy of the vacuum that houses the pair of particles goes up, the position of the two particles will come together and they become one particle.


When the vacuum that encloses two or more particles becomes saturated with EMF energy, these particles share their waveforms through the 5th dimension with out the 4 dimensional world knowing anything about it so that the particles become entangled and equal in energy. Yes, there is a 5th dimension in theoretical physics.

If a spark is discharged, the vacuum in the vicinity of the spark becomes excited because energy from the spark goes into the vacuum. The vacuum wants to maintain a zero energy level, so the vacuum reduces the energy of another part of the vacuum below the zero enrgy point. This state of affairs is called negative energy. The scientific condition is called a squeezed vacuum.

Think of the vacuum as a lake with waves on its surface. If a meteor comes down and inparts a large amount of energy to that lake, the waves, the water, and the fish will all disappear. The surface of the lake will be squeezed by the energy of excitation that the meteor has imparted into it and the fluctuation in the background energy of the lake will go away. The lake can no longer impart energy fluctuations to any particles that were floating on the surface of the lake. Any particles on the lake’s surface cannot change their nature by the absorption of random fluctuations.

All these particles will remain entangled with each other until the water comes back into the lake bed.. They will combine into one super particle no matter where they were located physically on the surface of the lake before the meteor hit.

Saying this in another way, if two or more particles are enclosed in a strong enough magnetic field, they will share energy and become entangled because the vacuum is saturated with energy. These multiple particles become essentially one particle while the vacuum is saturated.

The energetic vacuum suppresses quantum fluctuations and decoherence is disabled. The system becomes entangled with total energy sharing.  See: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1zD1U1sIPQ4

Because the soliton (BoB) is composed of many Surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs), the energy that is produced by the collection of particles at the other end of the magnetic beam (Alice) even if the Alice particles are separated far apart from each other, the Alice particles will be teleported together and the energy of their fusion will be shared equally among all the individual entangled and coherent SPPs inside the soliton.

Axil Axil

  • Axil Axil

    Give ITER a call and tell them how simple it is. To date , they have only spent 200 Billion on that reactor. Tell them how it all could be done.

    • giovanniontheweb

      on the oher hand make it complex and expensive will not make it necessarely right.
      Axil Axil, about this point I like your tiger explanation and in that view ITER is smashing tigers at 200mph one against each other in orther to make a new friendship out of the crash maybe not the most adaped way.

  • Axil Axil

    Well now Mr. Rossi, how do you explain why your reactor only emits gamma radiation when it is cold?

    The donkey bridge that all LENR theories must cross is to successfully explain how the LENR reaction can occur without the production of gamma radiation, radioactive emission, or unstable isotopes. It is also required to explain how gamma radiation, radioactive emission and neutrons, or unstable isotopes does occur in a cold or under heated reactor. The successful LENR theory must also explain how heat produces the reaction, and how RF radiation can be a product of the reaction.

    What makes a viable theory is how well it can answers the hard questions. Start your theory with why your Hot cat produces pure Ni62 in your micro powder. I am looking forward to read in a followup to this post from the inventor about how he answers these hard questions.

    • Axil Axil

      If Rossi had any sense, he should be amicable to the person who can explain how nuclear processes happen inside his reactor. Such information will give regulators a warm feeling about letting his products safely into the homes and offices of the world.

      A mystery about the reaction is not good for his business.

  • Mark

    Axil Axil, just curious if anything what you wrote would be significantly altered if light as the universal speed limit only applied the emf and their associated particles, if other field and particles had cones of influence with speed limits faster than light and these systems could exits together? Reason I ask is that I am very sceptical about the existence of blackholes, wormholes and maybe even big bangs.

    • Axil Axil

      blackholes, wormholes and big bangs are things defined by General Relitivity. I am dealing with things defined by quantum mechanics. These two subjects are incomparable.

      But LENR may provide science with a bridge between these two incomparable subjects by providing quantum mechanics analogies to items that are cosmic in nature.

      The soliton may provide clues of why quasars behave the why that they seem to.

      • Mark

        My mistake. I am not a big believer in general relativity and think special relativity is not general at all when it comes to speed limits. I heard that quantum stuff like Bell’s inequalities have assumptions like the light speed limit. Indeterminism to me is nonsense. So i cringe and experience cognative dissidents when i hear things to near to those ideas. Assuming they are temporary absurdities that physics will get passed.

        Thanks again.

  • Axil Axil


    When quantum particles are entangled, they cannot be described individually. They form a single quantum object, even if they are located far apart. There is a measure for the amount of entanglement in a quantum system, called “entropy of entanglement”. Together with Arjun Bagchi, Rudranil Basu and Max Riegler, Daniel Grumiller managed to show that this entropy of entanglement takes the same value in flat quantum gravity and in a low dimension quantum field theory.

    “This calculation affirms our assumption that the holographic principle can also be realized in flat spaces. It is evidence for the validity of this correspondence in our universe”, says Max Riegler (TU Wien). “The fact that we can even talk about quantum information and entropy of entanglement in a theory of gravity is astounding in itself, and would hardly have been imaginable only a few years back. That we are now able to use this as a tool to test the validity of the holographic principle, and that this test works out, is quite remarkable”, says Daniel Grumiller.

    This however, does not yet prove that we are indeed living in a hologram – but apparently there is growing evidence for the validity of the correspondence principle in our own universe.

  • Axil Axil

    Regarding the Chronology protection conjecture


    Dr. Kim has reported in the experiments he conducted with the DGT reactor, the production of Bosenova as the final event in the life of a SPP soliton. Since these experiments, Dr Kim has incorporated the Bosenova as the energy distribution mechanism in his LENR theories. I had wondered what mechanism of the LENR reaction might cause such quantum mechanical explosions to occur as a part of the LENR reaction.

    If the soliton was a region of spactime where negative vacuum energy accumulates, then a plank scale wormhole would form at the center of the soliton. As energy accumulated inside the soliton the accumulating negative vacuum energy would open up the possibility of time travel. This would not be allowed by the Chronology protection conjecture

    So, it remains uncertain whether quantum-gravitational effects might prevent the energy density from growing large enough to destroy the wormhole. Stephen Hawking conjectured that not only would the pileup of vacuum fluctuations still succeed in destroying the wormhole in quantum gravity, but also that the laws of physics would ultimately prevent any type of time machine from forming; this is the chronology protection conjecture. The soliton would undergo a supernova type collapse where the contents of the soliton fell into the high energy dense center and rebounded in a recoil explosion.

    But the effects of time distortion might be felt by the particles that were entangled with the soliton. The stabilization of erstwhile unstable nuclear isotopes might be effected by accelerated spacetime as negative energy accumulated in the soliton before the bosenova.

  • Axil Axil

    You are taking a myopic view of the energy projection mechanism. There are two other modes of energy conversion that you have not considered besides heat production that can escape to the far field. That is RF and magnetic energy generation, and the production of newly minted electrons from direct energy conversion.

    I would like to see an accounting of these other types of energy forms in a LENR experiment. Rossi has remarked oftentimes that he has seen the production of excess EMF like charge in his reactions strong enough to forgo the production of heat for electric power production.

  • Zack Iszard

    Axil, is it possible that the momentum of an SPP’s collective electrons might be degenerate, via the de Broglie relation, to some of the observed nuclear transitions and excitations? I’m too time-crunched right now to whip out a calculator, but the de Broglie frequency of resonant matter-waves (SPP’s electrons are an example) might coincide with emitted gammas or with excited nuclear transition states. The precise mechanism is less important: when two wave phenomena are degenerate, the probability of those otherwise unrelated wave phenomena interacting with each other becomes very significant. SPPs, as quasiparticles, or even SPs and Ps individually, are a perfect illustration of this principle. I will avoid saying that fuel particles themselves can behave as matter-waves, as such bulk matter waves have only been observed extensively at very low temperatures.

    This idea implies that certain “resonant” (degenerate) energy environments are needed for any nuclear transitions to occur, and that overshooting or undershooting each “transition window” gives the null result. With a large variety of particle sizes in the fuel and a large variety of agitating magnetic waves (Parkhomov’s “dirty” waveform), the probability of accidentally reaching some of these transition windows – just enough for excess heat – is pretty good. This idea of de Broglie degeneracy with transitions also helps explain some of the extremely energetic LENR accidents (explosions and such), if we assume these experiments worked too well. “Lucky” particle size distribution and agitation energies should massively increase the probability of transition.

    Perhaps the trick is to form SPPs that are degenerate with a transition state adjacent to SPPs that are degenerate with the resulting gammas or excess ejection momentum of neutrons. If this notion of de Broglie degeneracy holds, then one could put off thinking about precise mechanism and focus on the energy states themselves when designing a system.

    • Axil Axil

      One of the most difficult types of LENR that theory must explain is very low power reactions such as the NANOR were the EMF power level used involves voltage at 10ths to 100ths of volts and a fraction of a MilliAmps. and the golden ball, and the most problematical is bacterial based LENR. In these very low level input power cases, the reaction does look like the effects of the reaction are additive over an extended time frame, EMF energy is gradually added to the target nucleus until a threshold is reached, whereupon a reaction takes place. The reaction produces nuclear energy but it is not thermalized an nuclear radiation from the reaction appears.

      In these very low energy cases, a resonance based energy environments is needed where EMF energy is gradually added until a tipping point is reached and a nuclear transition occurs. In this low level power case, the solitary nucleus might only be involved, where a proton is converted to a neutron. But this low level systems might need a theory developed elusively just for them. In any case, this low level case will add a wider understanding of the LENR reaction overall.

  • MontagueWithnail

    Axil Axil, I enjoyed this article, and very much appreciated the use of the lake analogy to aid visualisation of the effect. I’m interested to know how you consider your approach relates to or conflicts with Peter Haglestein’s model of coherent energy exchange between weakly coupled systems. I have only a hazy understanding of the difference between entanglement and coupling, which is that entanglement can happen even at non-quantum scale but coupling can’t. In my mind these reactions probably are happening at the quantum scale, so I guess my question is whether you disagree with that or whether there is some other difference/distinction that I should be aware of? Any further commentary you could provide on how your though process differs from Peter’s, and why, could be enlightening.

    • – a bit like Clark Kent and Superman must have the same thought process, especially when quantum entangled inside a small space like a phone box?

    • Axil Axil

      I have concluded from looking at a wide range of the experimental results derived from many LENR systems that the gamma suppression and the basic LENR nuclear reaction is tightly coupled together so that if a LENR based nuclear event occurs, no gamma is ever seen in a environment that has gotten hot enough (500K).

      Gamma suppression is an essential part of the LENR reaction. So Gamma suppression is an essential part of what is going on inside the Nuclear Active Environment. If energy is carried away from the NAE, it cannot be converted to its final moderated form (soft x-rays and extreme ultraviolet light.) by the LENR reaction.

      If Gamma suppression was based on a global state of coherence, then there would alway be a slight chance that an energetic particle could exit the gas envelop and deposit its kinetic energy in the Alumina shell where a gamma ray would result. This gamma ray is never seen. So if the gamma suppression was post reaction there would alway be a chance hat a gamma would sneek through the globle coherence mechanism. The combined unitary energy production/gamma suppression mechanism must result in little or no kinetic energy that is transferred to the far field.

      All the energy of the nuclear reaction is carried away from the NAE by the LENR reaction itself after the energy is downshifted. The gamma emission or better said, the lack of gamma emissions, is an intrinsic part of the LENR reaction energy transfer mechanism.

      In the global (AKA systems based) conference theories, there is a possibility of gamma production throughout the entire LENR process.

      • MontagueWithnail

        OK thanks for the answer, I’ll have to use that as a kicking off point and work on it independently to get a better understanding. As it stands my understanding of Haglestein’s approach is that the systems have to be coupled for the reaction to occur as it is the change in the Gamow factor (from 2x to 1x) that allows the event to become statistically probable enough to be significant (combined with electron screening).

        Have you discussed this with Haglestein, what does he say about it? It seems like something that should be amenable to a testable hypothesis, have you been able to work out how much gamma should be produced in theory (if the Haglestein approach were correct) and whether we are definitely not seeing it (i.e. could it be low enough that we are just missing it?)? My understanding is that several experiments have picked up above-background radiation, obviously still far too low to be explained by any conventional nuclear reactions, but I can’t remember what type it was, presumably not gamma I guess from the relaxed attitudes towards experiments.

        It would seem a terrible shame for so many good people to be wasting their time on that approach if it could be so easily disproven with experiment.

        • Axil Axil

          Did you see this post? It may have been lost upon submission to ECatworld.

          Why LENR produces stable isotopes and positive energy feedback most of the time but sometimes produces radioactive isotopes and gamma rays when the lattice is cold.

          In the Surface Plasmon Polariton (SPP) model of LENR, heat driven dipole motion of electrons on the surface of micro particles produce a anapole magnetic pulse that in turn induces nuclear reconfiguration.

          This dipole motion of the electron on the surface of the micro particles induces a very rapid alternating current hat has a start that then precedes to a maximum amplitude then falls to zero strength. This cycle happens hundreds of trillions of times per second and corresponds to the frequency of the heat photons that are driving the dipoles..

          When the heat level is low, the amplitude of the magnetic field that is produced by the SPP is correspondingly low and also its duration. The low powered magnetic field hits the target nuclei many times and builds up mass in the pile of nuclei until a subatomic particle is created through the conversion of energy to matter. That meson produces a fusion event were a number of separate nuclei are combined into a new single nucleus. But the magnetic connection to the source of magnetic generation is to weak to carry the nuclear binding energy released by the fusion back to its source. So the nucleus remains excited and will eventually either produce a gamma ray or stay excited as a radioactive isotope.

          When the heat level that is driving the dipole vibration of electrons exceeds a critical level, the amplitude of the magnetic field that is produced by the SPP is strong enough and lasts long enough to hit the pile of nearby nuclei in one shot where the magnetic field can produce a fusion event and still be of sufficient amplitude to carry the released binding energy back to the source of the magnetic field. That nuclear energy is then digested by the soliton and fed back to the dipole motion that created the soliton.

          The key concepts to enable this transfer mechanism is that the fusion event takes a finite period of time to occur, the magnetic field produce by the SPP is variable in both duration and intensity but can grow large enough and long enough to complete a fusion event and energy transfer in one dipole cycle. The SPP can exist for as short as a few femtoseconds to as long as hundreds of picoseconds.

          The production of gamma rays and unstable isotopes will occur before the positive feedback loop is established between the fusion event and the soliton. Once this connection is made, the dipole motion of the micro particle will always have enough power to produce fusion in one cycle. Also when the dipole vibrations of all the micro particles are synced up under a BEC condition, a weak soliton will get enough energy from a strong soliton so that no gammas will be produced.

  • GordonDocherty

    Excellent article – now, let’s hope it is read by many 🙂

  • Axil Axil

    Supporting evidence for teleportation.

    The complete conversion of a 10 nm diameter nickel particle might provide supporting evidence that protons find their way into the center of these massive particles by teleportation…like in star trek. A proton does not need to find its way through large amounts of nickel by bumping and grinding their way through all that nickel. These protons just appear like magic inside the micro particle.

    If the protons did physically penetrate the nickel particle, we would expect that the outer layers of the particle would experience more nuclear reactions than the center of the particle. The outside of the particle should have some copper and/or zinc content, and the inside should still have some lower Z isotopes of nickel.

    But NO, the particle is pure Ni62, completely humorous Ni62, utterly pure Ni62. It must be that the protons see no resistance to the penetration of the nickel. The entangled protons mated with with each nickel atom.move via the 5th dimension directly through the nickel bulk to its entangled nickel mate into the center of the micro particle or to its edge with equal probability. This looks like proton teleportation to me. .

    Yes, this is impossible to believe, If it weren’t for logic and the results of experiment, what other answer could there be?

    • Josh G

      But we don’t know what form/shape the nickel particles take at high temperatures. We cannot really extrapolate from post-mortem analysis to what it’s like when the system is in full swing. And there is SO MUCH that we don’t know about what’s going on inside at high temperatures.

      Also, doesn’t QET deal with energy transfer rather than particle (proton) transfer…?

  • Axil Axil


    “negative energy”


    Analog Hawking radiation from an acoustic black hole in a flowing polariton superfluid

    The key concept to quantum energy transfer is “negative energy” The energy from the LENR fusion reaction will go to where the negitive energy is.

    Dario Gerace who wrote the experimental report on the Dark mode soliton as an acoustic black hole might have detected Hawking radiation coming from the soliton. That means that the soliton was sucking in vacuum negative energy and projecting positive vacuum energy just as a black hole does.

    The nuclear energy from a LENR fusion reaction will be bound to that negative energy. The soliton behaves just like a black hole, it sucks in energy and does not let go of it until it explodes in a bosenova. The SPP mechanism is perfect for the optimization of negitive energy segregation from the vacuum.

    A soliton pulses at a trillion times a second intime with the freqency of infrared light. On each dipole pulse, an associated pulse of negative energy is injected into a acustic charged black hole of the soliton.. But the pulse vacuum negitive energy must be followed by a pulse of vacuum positive energy, this scenario is dubbed cosmic flashing.

    But then the magnitude of the negative energy pulse would have to be very small, according to the quantum inequalities.

    Recently the authors of the reference above, then at the University of Victoria, and Fewster and Teo, have shown that the quantum inequalities lead stronge bounds on negative energy. The positive pulse that necessarily follows an initial negative pulse must do more than compensate for the negative pulse; it must overcompensate.

    The amount of overcompensation increases with the time interval between the pulses. Therefore, the negative and positive pulses can never be made to exactly cancel each other. The positive energy must always dominate–an effect known as quantum interest. If negative energy is thought of as an energy loan, the loan must be repaid with interest. The longer the loan period or the larger the loan amount, the greater is the interest. When the pulse rade of the SPP lasts the longest at a hundrade picoseconds or more, the larger the loan that must be paid in positive virtual energy projection, the smaller is the maximum allowed loan period. The LENR based nuclear reaction must pay the interest on the negative energy loan in earnest. Nature is a shrewd banker and always calls in its debts.

    The concept of negative energy touches on many areas of physics: gravitation, quantum theory, thermodynamics. The interweaving of so many different parts of physics illustrates the tight logical structure of the laws of nature.

    Nature no doubt has more surprises in store.

  • Mytakeis

    Thanks for bringing the 5th dimension into the contemplation of achieving LENR. Not so theoretical, if imagining a composition of universes. Your posits, I Intuit, have hit upon something big.

  • GreenWin

    Interesting Axil. The concept of teleportation is germane only to a 3-4 dimensional space. We tend to think of entangled particles at a distance “teleporting” across 4 dimensional space time. However, as you note, viewed from higher dimensions, space-time is irrelevant and entangled pairs are united as one (particle or wave.) David Bohm explained this well with his fish tank example – a single fish is photographed from two cameras separated by 90 degrees. Viewed on two monitors one might think they are looking at two separate fish – when in fact is is simply ONE fish viewed from two separate angles.

    This is a fun thought exercise, but I’m not sure how we get nuclear level heat as with the E-Cat from this concept. You do suggest there may be relativistic effects driving LENR – which makes sense given the need for nanoscale NAEs – which could be contracting pace time.

    • georgehants

      Morning GreenWin, Leonard Susskind does his bit again.
      Darkness cannot drive out darkness, only light can do that.
      Martin Luther King

      • GreenWin

        Morning George. I greatly enjoyed this article, it kept me awake late. Leonard is always thinking and better, imagining. The suggestion that ER=EPR is still confined by 4 dimensional space-time. Such relativistic view would allow time travel, forward and backward via entangled worm holes. However, viewed from higher dimensions, time and distance are human conventions. Further Lenny and Juan leave out the quantum “measurement problem” – or more specifically the role of observer consciousness – in these thought experiments.

        If as the measurement problem demonstrates, particles exist due to an observer, we must extrapolate to the cosmic scale. EPR entanglement suggests distance, time and luminal limits are a solely a product of human perception, or consciousness. It would be fun to include Stuart Hammeroff and Roger Penrose in these discussions. That would force the conversation to consider terrestrial physics and cosmology are entirely dependent on human consciousness. Ha!

        • georgehants

          GreenWin, we would then move into discussions concerning the real reality.
          The times they are a changing I think, slowly, to where the forward looking scientists have been for 80 years.
          John von Neumann in his Masterpiece –
          Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics, is the boy that first logically showed that all Quantum leads back to the Mind.I can only say Wonderful day. Ha.

  • Josh G

    Axil, kudos to you for taking the first stab at tying your theory together. I need to chew on this for a while, but in the meantime I want to point out that the author on the paper you linked to on QET, Masahiro Hotta, is at the physics department at Tohoku university — the same department where they just announced that major joint research effort on LENR with Clean Planet and Mitsubishi. That effort is going to be run out of the Research Center for Electron Photon Science, which is part of the Nuclear Physics group and is going to be run by someone else, Prof. Hama. Professor Hotta, though, is located in the Particle Theory and Cosmology group. So I don’t know how much interaction they have. But perhaps you could consider e-mailing professor Hotta with some of your ideas about the role of QET in LENR and suggest he give some consideration to it, especially now that they’ve opened the new research center in his department.

    FWIW, a brief scan of the department there shows that it is an excellent choice for opening a LENR research center, since they have lots of expertise and ongoing research efforts into condensed matter physics: http://www.phys.tohoku.ac.jp/eng/field/index.html

    Looking at Hotta’s CV, there is an interesting paper on quantum energy teleportation with trapped ions, and what’s interesting about that paper is that they show QET between trapped ions across a crystal without generating heat (via phonons). To my mind this raises the question, then, of how the heat energy is generated through QET. *If* QET solves the problem of no gammas, can it then also tell us how heat/phonon energy is generated? Is this somehow related to the SPPs as carriers of heat energy to the system and then back out?

  • Gerard McEk

    Thank you for your always visionary views on LENR Axil. It would solve at least one of the great LENR questions. Would you think also vast energies can be entangled so they can be teleported over huge distances?

  • Stephen

    Thanks Axil Axil for posting this and taking the time to explain this concept. Although I tend to focus on traditional physics processes, I also feel that at some fundemental level physics works on the level of waves, entanglement and vacume energy. It’s tempting especially when dealing with high energy physics to think of things solely as particles and collision but it is sometimes exactly in this state where the wave nature is more apparent. It will be great if your ideas give us some insight in to this process. I need to think a bit more on your QET concept but I will enjoy thinking on it.