A Hypothesis for Consideration on How the Coulomb Barrier may be Permeated at Low Energy (Guest Post)

The following guest post was submitted by Steve H.

Having recently read Mats Lewan’ second edition of “An Impossible Invention”, and a regular visitor to this excellent web-page – I have considered a hypothesis that you may want to post for consideration and comment. Although I can not prove any of these ideas – I have had some success previously, with abstract thoughts on technology and their application to industry. My college qualifications are in engineering and I have worked in the energy industry for more than 30 years.

  • Hypothesis that a Hydrogen Proton is disc shaped, not spherical and that the Coulomb Barrier of the Nickel nucleus has slotted openings.
  • The hypothesis is based on looking at Nature, in respect to platelets in blood and the shape of Galaxies etc.  As far as I understand it – Science does not have the instruments available, to actually see a proton.
  • It would explain why it is very difficult to get the proton to permeate the nucleus, even when there is an excited state created in the free Hydrogen Protons outside the nucleus.
  • There is an electro-static charge which repels and a gravitational force which attracts,
  • The charge of repulsion is considered to always overcome the force of attraction,
  • Hot fusion tries to force the disc shaped protons through the slots with brute force but in doing so causes so much agitated movement in the protons, that alignment with a free slot is rarely established, successfully. I propose that the disc shaped protons receive too much energy and actually collide and obstruct the free-flow through the nucleus when an occasional proton is in perfect alignment.
  • On the other hand – I propose that under circumstances of low energy being imparted into the free Hydrogen Protons, we have a moderate potential difference from outside to inside the nucleus. The free protons outside will still need to align perfectly with the slot in the nucleus, to pass through; but once a steady flow is established they then create a wake behind them, which tends to drag in and align further protons in a gentle procession. Once this flow has been established and the electrical power is removed; the flow of protons becomes smoother (no alignment interference from the electrical heater, caused by induced electro-motive force). This would explain the thermal runaway in self-sustain mode and why triggering the electric heater slows the reaction by causing collisions of the previously smooth flow of protons.
  • I propose that this is also true for Deuterium and also why high pressure, gradual loading of these gases into a Nickel or Palladium lattice will have occasional, positive outcome.

Regards to all and Best Wishes

Steve H

 

 

  • psi2u2

    Yes.

  • Axil Axil

    See

    http://arxiv.org/pdf/1301.0905v2.pdf

    Muonic hydrogen and the proton radius puzzle

    The proton is a sphere.

  • Steve H

    Many thanks Frederick.

  • Rical

    The russian searcher Vladimir I.Vysotskii is active in the LENR domain and has developped the study of the coulomb barrier in condensed matter. He stated that the probability of transparency is multiplied by 10^50 or more, see p 146 to p 160 in http://www.iscmns.org/CMNS/JCMNS-Vol4.pdf
    and that this “can explain Rossi-Focardi experiments” and even biologicals transmutations, see p 6 in http://newenergytimes.com/v2/conferences/2012/ICCF17/papers/Vysotskii-Application-Correlated-States-ICCF17-pp.pdf
    That study is a way to reconcile standard model and LENR.

    He also succed to reduce radioactivity of Ba140 and La140 by microorganisms, see p 4 in http://www.lenr-canr.org/acrobat/VysotskiiVsuccessful.pdf
    He also succed to reduce radioactivity of Cs 137 by microorganisms, see p 33 in http://www.iscmns.org/catania07/Abstracts.pdf
    These could permit to reduce radioactive waste.

    I also show these results in the french pages https://fr.wikiversity.org/wiki/Recherche:Transmutations_biologiques Recherches_récentes

    Rical

  • Job001

    The coulomb barrier is a heuristic, permitting mental errors due to bad inherent assumptions. These assumptions include;

    First:Only two particles of charge q1 and q2;
    More than two particles creates chaos and unpredictable results. A gram of LENR particles has about 8E20 particles.
    Second:Tunneling is a process that occurs in lattice routinely used in transistor technology, one might view this an exception to coulomb barrier thinking also.
    Third:Shielding, a huge difference or reduction in coulomb barrier exists or occurs between results for normal unexcited atoms(1s orbital) and excited atoms(2p orbital). http://www.journal-of-nuclear-physics.com Read Stoyan Sarg Sargoytchev publications.
    Forth:A variety of waveguide/virtual particle/BEC conditions can easily invalidate standard assumptions.
    Fifth:No coulomb barrier exists when one particle(neutron) has a zero charge, see equation above. Additionally, a proton within a lattice with a virtual electron charge may qualify as a non-standard neutral atom. We can only speculate as to mechanism until a science consensus based upon further research forms.
    None of these explanations need be “believed” to understand the two particle coulomb barrier heuristic represents exceptionally bad assumptions within the lattice environment.

  • LCD

    Wladimir guglinsky (poster in journal of nuclear physics, rossi site) or something like that has a similar theory called something like nuclear ring theory (I’m butchering this) where he claims in more detail this essential concept and he uses the fission of alpha particles in uranium to support the theory. I’ve been wanting to review it but I haven’t had the time (I know great excuse)

    • Steve H

      LCD thanks for the reference to the Guglinsky proposal.
      I would be interested to see if he agrees with my reasoning on the self-sustain mode and control through electrical triggering of the heating element.

  • satviewer
  • bachcole

    I prefer the idea that the Coulomb Barrier is a wave function, and that some kind of resonant frequency allows for a close dance between nuclei and thus more quantum tunnelling.

  • psi2u2

    Very interesting. Your discussion of the shape of the proton reminded me of this particle physics Youtube series, of which I have watched only a little so far: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZfKtJqFOWPA

    • Steve H

      Psi2 – thanks for the info.
      I had not seen or read of that concept but I can visualise it working in my hypothesis.

      • psi2u2

        Here is the first in the series, which I had intended to post above: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Z–JdjBiVg

        His mantra is “physics and chemistry are easy with the correct geometry.” I am certainly not qualified to assess the theory, but what I like about it is bringing the concept of geometry to bear on understanding physics at the atomic level.

    • Mats002

      Yes very interesting indeed. I am puzzled by the vast amount of different theories of behavour at the atomic level, and the reason must be this: We are not able to observe (measure, gather data) at that small scale and those high frequencies good enough to have a commion sense of what is actually going on in there. We can see some aspects of it, for example by smashing atomic and subatomic particles and peek into the result or do some cooking, look at the end result but then just guess what actually happened. I would like to see some better measure equipment – something that can record at extreme high sample rate the energy quantas at a good enough resolution. Then we could smash and cook in thousand ways but having a common ground for understanding what is really happening. Has modern physics become a guessing game? Each theory should be paired with a way of how to measure it’s validity.

  • Ted-X

    The Coulomb barrier might be lower (or the neutron exchange between nuclei more likely) in so called modified states of atoms, where (some of) neutrons form a shell being away from the nucleus. Protons can form these shells as well. It is a relatively new discovery. The m-states are quite stable (for some elements these states can last for days or even years). The protons have some affinity to neutrons (like in Deuterium), which could explain the overcoming of the Coulomb barrier at low energy. Another effect is the hypersensitization of the nucleus to the nuclear magnetic resonance, where circularly polarized light can cause “something” to the nucleus, to make it resonate with an external RF signal 10,000 stronger than without the hypersiensitization. Why these m-states and the nuclear hypersensitization are not a part of any LENR theory? Pekka, what do you think about it?

    • LCD

      That’s interesting hasn’t heard about that, git a link?

  • Anon2012_2014

    The Frisbee Theory