Does George Miley Have the First USPTO Awarded Patent for Cold Fusion?

This is news is a little old, but I think it is worth mentioning here, and I hadn’t posted about it yet. According to this document, on July 24th, the United States Patent Office issued a patent to George H. Miley for a process listed as “Dislocation site formation techniques”.

The abstract on the patent reads as follows:

“Techniques to form dislocation cores along the interface of a multilayer thin film structure are described. The loading and/or unloading of isotopes of hydrogen are also described in connection with core location. The described techniques can provide [sic] be applied to superconductive structure formation, x-ray and charged particle formation, nuclear reaction processes and/or inertial confinement fusion target.”

George Miley is Emeritus Professor of the University of Illinois, who has worked extensively over the years in the field of cold fusion, including work on the Patterson power cell which he claimed to have replicated. He recently published a report of showing the production of excess heat from a gas-loading cell. Miley’s process shows the production of excess heat when pressurized deuterium gas is applied to palladium rich nanoparticles. Miley recently started a company, LENUCO, in University of Illinois research park.

While this patent is not applicable only in cold fusion settings, including the terms “nuclear reaction”, and “fusion” indicate that there may have been a softening of the longstanding practice at the USPO of denying any patents to applications that involve cold fusion.

  • Harold Coffman

    Thank you, Andrea Rossi … You are the ‘Edison’ of LENR … and CF.

    Regardless of patent outcome … you are perfecting and demonstrating
    an economical and simple generation of a heat source that has
    a multiple of COP.

    Not only that, you were able to show the ability to place units in
    series to obtain significant temperature above boiling … so the units
    can be efficiently used to create electricity by standard steam-turbines.

    You are making headway on control of heat-output to allow continuous stable heat, w/o harm to the equipment. You are seeking some
    certification to allow your progress towards a production of some
    e’cats.

    Yes, you deserve the title of Mr. Edison (Rossi) of LENR …

    You are the Mr Edison of Cold Fusion … I encourage others to praise
    you for your contributions and progress … making this CF successful.

    Best Reguards, HRC

  • jacob

    LENUCO,let me guess what it stands for,Low Energy Nuclear COmpany,producing LENR devices for research projects for universities,to teach students?

  • georgehants

    Andrea Rossi
    September 30th, 2012 at 7:35 AM
    THERE IS A COMIC SITUATION IN THE NIAGARA FALLS OF STUPIDITIES FLOATING IN THE INTERNET REGARDING THE E-CATS TECHNOLOGY: THE SAME “EXPERTS” THAT FOR YEARS HAVE EXPLAINED HOW AND WHY OUR TECH CANNOT WORK, NOW HAVE CHANGED REGISTER, AND ARE MAKING A FUSS ABOUT THE SAFETY OF THE REACTORS. THIS GIVES EVIDENCE OF THE FACT THAT THEY ARE NOT IN SEARCH OF THE TRUTH, BUT THEY ARE JUST TRYING TO STOP US AT ANY COST: IN FACT THE TWO ISSUES ARE IN UNSUSTAINABLE CONTRADICTION, BECAUSE THE CASES ARE TWO
    1- OR THE TECHNOLOGY OF THE E-CAT DOES NOT WORK: BUT IN THIS CASE, THERE ARE NOT SAFETY ISSUES, BECAUSE IN THIS CASE THE E-CAT BECOMES A VULGAR ELECTRIC WATER BOILER
    2- OR THE REACTOR IS DANGEROUS AND THE SAFETY HAS NOT BEEN SUFFICIENTLY PROVEN: BUT IN THIS CASE, THAT MEANS THE TECHNOLOGY WORKS AND IS NUCLEAR !!!
    HE,HE,HE…
    WARM REGARDS,
    ANDREA ROSSI

    • Peter_Roe

      I have been consistantly saying for many months that this would be the next stage in the disinfo campaign, as soon as it became plain that denial and ridicule weren’t going to cut it any longer.

      The intention will be to both frighten gullible people so that they bleat for protection, and to prepare the ground for an ‘incident’ that will allow officialdom to try to swallow up CF into the same area that fission occupies, and so take control of the technology on behalf of their sponsors.

  • Peter_Roe

    There seem to be several problems with the Lenuco system. It involves deuterium and palladium, and so is never going to be cheap, and seems to have an unresolved problem with a limited form of ‘runaway’ which destroys the cells in a matter of hours. A reported COP of 70 is impressive though.

    Personally I’d still go with Rossi or Brillouin Ni/H units as first on the market for industrial gas boiler drop-in replacements. Brillouin’s main handicap may be that they are operating out of the US. Rossi at least has the advantage of being able to retreat to Europe if things get sticky in the US, or he is unable to get any form of IP protection there. Of course, Godes could choose to bail out of the US at some point as well, although his connections with SRI could make that difficult.

    Edit: Whoops – I seem to have triggered auto-moderation somehow. Why beats the cr*p out of me.

  • georgehants

    The Guardian home
    Renewable energy: the chancellor is misguided to back a new dash for gas
    Reliance on renewable power offers us independence on the issue of energy.
    It has become an axiom for the British right wing to claim that renewable energy will only work through the provision of vast subsidies. Stick to fossil fuels instead, runs the argument and we will maintain an economic power source that has supported our industry for centuries and should continue to do so for decades. Hence George Osborne’s recent decision to turn away from backing wind, tide and wave plants and to plump instead for investments in new gas-powered power stations. “We regard unabated gas as able to play a core part of our electricity generation to at least 2030,” he argued.
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/sep/30/observer-editorial-renewable-energy-good

    • Peter_Roe

      The tories attempted to kill tidal power within a few months of taking office by withdrawing feasibility study finances, despite the fact that an array of generator ‘atolls’ in the Severn alone could have supplied 7% of out national power, with scope for expansion. It seems they may be taking another look now that it a consortium of private companies may be prepared to finance a ‘barrage’ scheme (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-wales-south-east-wales-19311254).

      • Charles

        Has the Bay of Fundy dried up or has the moon stopped tiding the Bay of Fundy?

        • Peter_Roe

          Possibly, but the loss of public funding may be more closely connected with Camoron’s connections with EDF (nuclear fission giant).

          Edit – moderated again!

    • Peter_Roe

      It’s curious though that it is the barrage proposal that is being focused on, as it is more expensive than atolls, has to be complete before any power is generated (as opposed to atolls that will each make power as they are completed), is more disruptive to shipping and wildlife (and will end the famous ‘Severn bore’), and involves predictable silting problems. Tidal atolls are also more suited to other possible tide power locations where a barrage would not be possible, or would be technically difficult, and could potentially provide more power than nuclear fission, cheaper and more cleanly.

      http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-somerset-17738474

  • Karl

    Hard times may be the future prospect for large HotFusion project?

    http://www.nytimes.com/2012/09/30/science/fusion-project-faces-a-frugal-congress.html?pagewanted=1&hpw

  • David
  • Ben

    James Patterson received a cold fusion patent in the mid 90s. He had received several patents while working as a chemist for Dow Chemical, so perhaps he was familiar with the language necessary to get it past the gate keepers at USPO, much like it appears is the case with the Miley patent.

    • Alan DeAngelis

      Yeah Ben, John Dash mentions Patterson’s patent (7:50 mark). http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&v=rWpW6t3NzMg&feature=endscreen
      John Dash’s patent application had the phrase “cold fusion” in it and was rejected. So, it might be significant that Miley’s patent was granted and it has the phrase “nuclear reaction processes” in the abstract (not in the claims but never the less in the patent).

  • Jeff

    I thought about this question too, when I saw the patent. Unfortunately, I think the answer is “no”. I believe USPTO granted this patent because the claims are about processing certain materials to obtain a particular result. The materials processing claims are objective, verifiable, central, and don’t rely on belief in any new physics. The mention of LENR in this patent is secondary. I believe LENR patents will come of age the day USPTO grants US 2011/0122984 (Godes) http://www.google.com/patents/US20110122984?hl=en – Jeff

  • http://www.liberationtechnology.co.uk Dave Lawton

    The Late Harold Aspden Had a Cold Fusion Patent Granted in 1998 after a long struggle.US PATENT 5,734,122

    • fritz194

      US 5,734,122
      Worth reading ;-)))

      • http://www.liberationtechnology.co.uk Dave Lawton

        Yes it is a interesting patent ,Harold was a expert on writing up patents,most of his working life
        he was Director of patents for IBM Europe.after retirement he went onto Southampton University.
        interestingly Martin Fleischmann was visiting Professor there as was Harold Aspden.In his patent one of the material used is
        nickel. It does look like it would not be to difficult to replicate.

      • http://www.liberationtechnology.co.uk Dave Lawton

        Yes it is a interesting patent ,Harold was a expert on writing up patents,most of his working life
        he was Director of patents for IBM Europe.after retirement he went onto Southampton University.
        interestingly Martin Fleischmann was visiting Professor there as was Harold Aspden.In his patent one of the material used
        nickel. It does look like it would not be to difficult to replicate.

  • AstralProjectee

    I am not a techie kind of guy but this sounds like a patent with cold fusion/LENR ramifications.

    • http://www.american-reporter.com Joe Shea

      The American Reported posted a link to the patent several weeks ago, and I believe it is still there in our special feature, “AR’s coverage of Cold Fusion” on our home page. We first became aware of the patent through E-Catworld’s initial post!

  • Fyodor

    I think that it might be worth clarifying that the important part of the patent is the claims, not the specification. The claims enunciate the specific patent grant. So even if he talks about LENR in the specification, it’s the claims that are the actual subject of the patent.

    As far as I can tell, the claims are just directed to a method of loading hydrogen into a multilayer film. They’re not reciting any sort of LENR, even if the intended use is for LENR.

    So without knowing more or really understanding the science well, my first impression is that this may not really mark any change in policy.

    • Peter_Roe

      I agree. It seems likely that certain keyword phrases such as ‘cold fusion’ will trigger problems, but if you carefully word your patent it may be possible to avoid unwanted attention.

      Edit: I see that Kim G and Dogman (in well researched detail) have already made this point.

      • georgehants

        How professional, that in science a different word for the same thing can apparently make a difference.

        • Peter_Roe

          Morning George. The orders about which key phrases will trigger close examination in USPTO most likely come from political or military sources I think.

          • georgehants

            Morning Peter, yesterday my wife left for Ghana again, taking with her two water filter systems —
            http://www.safewatertrust.com/ — that BA kindly as usual allowed on board, extra baggage free.
            We now again, wait, (about two years I think) for either Rossi or Defkalion, or both to this Autumn disclose conformation of a working practical E-Cat.
            For all the wonderful uses that have been proposed for the technology, I think cheap practical clean water is still one of the top priorities.
            Every person who has in anyway contributed to the delay of Cold Fusion should I think give a little thought to the possible damage that they have and are causing.

            • Peter_Roe

              There are many people in different areas of power who should be held to account for their corruption. Of course nothing will ever be done about them and they will all retire on fat pensions in due course, for the large part untroubled by any remorse.

        • Fyodor

          I think that the bigger point is that this is not a patent on LENR-no LENR reaction or method is claimed in the patent. It’s just a method for hydrogen loading. One may choose to use the hydrogen loaded material for LENR, but that’s not what is protected by the patent.

  • captain

    a recent message from E-Cat inventor:

    Andrea Rossi
    September 29th, 2012 at 8:04 AM
    Dear Bernie Koppenhofer:
    1- we have thousands of hours spent with the E-Cats in operation, during which never had radiations outside the reactor.
    2- as you correctly say, the E-Cats and the Hot Cats are intrinsecally safe, because if the temperature overcomes the limit the nickel; melts, the hydrogen pops out, and we have no more powder of Ni reacting with H, therefore the operation stops.
    The “evil force” is working for us: the more they say stupidities, the more we gain credibility: this is exactly what we are experiencing in the market.
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

    It’s clear that Rossi’s destiny in the states depends on a quick USPTO approval of his E-Cat patents and UL certifications.

    Measuring the time in quarters or seasons :-) IMO

    - FALL – Hot Cat 1MW prototype almost ready to deliver a stable big amount of hot dry steam 600C to drive efficiently turbines to make electricity

    - WINTER – Hot Cat 1MW prototype plant producing electricity in a STABLE and SELF SUSTAIN mode

    - SPRING – at least with a certification/validation the Hot Cat 1MW electric plant available on sale for industrial use

    I mean producing mainly electricity, but it’s clear that for thermal production it’s simple like a smile :-)

  • Alan DeAngelis

    Prof. Miley was one of the first people (if not the first person) to investigate F&P’s claims BEFORE their March 23rd 1989 press conference. He had (and may still have) DOE Q clearance. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Q_clearance

    Yet this isn’t significant enough for the mainstream media to cover. Is it the MSM’s job to keep us stupid?

  • Kim G. Patterson

    The language of the patent looks,sounds and feels
    like he was coached on how to present it.

    Respect
    Kim

    • Andrea

      I think exactly the same way. This guys made the choice…

  • Jacob

    The politics have a great effect on science.

  • dogman

    Examiner’s rarely read the full text of a patent if the claims section, which is the only section that hold legal weight once the patent is granted, can be understood without reading the other portions of the application. So even if terms like fusion and LENR were included in the body of the patent application, if these terms were absent from the claims and if the claims avoid mention of heat generation, then there would likely be no red flags.

    Also, a lot depends on which examination group handles the application. It looks like some groups/examiners might be more easy going than others. This Miley patent was examined in group 1715 which typically includes applications related to “COATING PROCESSES.” Godes 12/911,586 application (published as US 2011-0122984) is being examined in group 2894, which handles “ACTIVE SOLID-STATE DEVICES (E.G., TRANSISTORS, SOLID-STATE DIODES)” and “SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE MANUFACTURING: PROCESS.” Zawodny’s 13/070,552 application (published as US 2011-0255645) and Piantelli’s 13/126,247 application (published as US 2011-0249783) are being examined in group 3646, which handles “INDUCED NUCLEAR REACTIONS: PROCESSES, SYSTEMS, AND ELEMENTS” and “NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY.” Rossi’s 12/736,193 application (published as US 2011-0005506) is being examined in group 3749, which handles “STOVES AND FURNACES” and “HEATING SYSTEMS.” Ahern’s 13/071,573 application (published as US 2011-0233061) is being examined in group 1724 which handles “CHEMISTRY: ELECTRICAL AND WAVE ENERGY” and “ELECTROLYSIS: PROCESSES, COMPOSITIONS USED THEREIN, AND METHODS OF PREPARING THE COMPOSITIONS.”

    • Bernie Koppenhofer

      Dogman: Do these groups talk to each other?

    • Peter_Roe

      Thanks for this well researched and comprehensive post, Dogman (copied straight to my ‘keeper’ archive!).

  • daniel maris

    Yes, I did wonder about that as well. It certainly looks like progress. Maybe they had to give ground given NASA have submitted an LENR based patent application. It would be embarrassing to have to deny NASA a patent wouldn’t it?

    • NJT

      Daniel, You conclusion makes a lot of sense. I believe you have hit the proverbial nail on the head…

    • Peter_Roe

      If (as I suspect may the the case) the management plan for LENR is to ring fence the technology and hand exclusive control to the energy corporates, then possibly control of relevant master patents and probably ‘safety’ legislation would be two tools necessary to this process. There is also the factor of the issuing of European and Chinese patents, which may force the US patent office’s hand.

      Regarding legislative control, as it seems that a neutron flux can be produced under certain circumstances, it may simply be easier to declare that LENR is a nuclear process and therefore falls under existing legislation relating to radioactive materials and reactors, X-ray machines etc.